The first of these word problems is a multiplication problem involving equal-sized …

The first of these word problems is a multiplication problem involving equal-sized groups. The next two reflect the two related division problems, namely, "How many groups?" and "How many in each group?"

The purpose of this task is to show three problems that are …

The purpose of this task is to show three problems that are set in the same kind of context, but the first is a straightforward multiplication problem while the other two are the corresponding "How many groups?" and "How many in each group?" division problems.

This 25-day module builds directly on students work with multiplication and division …

This 25-day module builds directly on students work with multiplication and division in Module 1. Module 3 extends the study of factors from 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10 to include all units from 0 to 10, as well as multiples of 10 within 100. Similar to the organization of Module 1, the introduction of new factors in Module 3 spreads across topics. This allows students to build fluency with facts involving a particular unit before moving on. The factors are sequenced to facilitate systematic instruction with increasingly sophisticated strategies and patterns.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

This 40-day final module of the year offers students intensive practice with …

This 40-day final module of the year offers students intensive practice with word problems, as well as hands-on investigation experiences with geometry and perimeter. The module begins with solving one- and two-step word problems based on a variety of topics studied throughout the year, using all four operations. Next students explore geometry. Students tessellate to bridge geometry experience with the study of perimeter. Line plots, familiar from Module 6, help students draw conclusions about perimeter and area measurements. Students solve word problems involving area and perimeter using all four operations. The module concludes with a set of engaging lessons that briefly review the fundamental Grade 3 concepts of fractions, multiplication, and division.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

The purpose of this task is to help students articulate their addition …

The purpose of this task is to help students articulate their addition strategies and would be most appropriately used once students have a solid understanding of coin values.

Building on their fifth grade experiences with operations on decimal numbers, sixth …

Building on their fifth grade experiences with operations on decimal numbers, sixth grade students should find the task to be relatively easy. The emphasis here is on whether students are actually fluent with the computations, so teachers could use this as a formative assessment task if they monitor how students solve the problem.

In this instructional task students are given two inequalities, one as a …

In this instructional task students are given two inequalities, one as a formula and one in words, and a set of possible solutions. They have to decide which of the given numbers actually solve the inequalities.

The purpose of this task is for students to compare two options …

The purpose of this task is for students to compare two options for a prize where the value of one is given $2 at a time, giving them an opportunity to "work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication." This context also provides students with an introduction to the concept of delayed gratification, or resisting an immediate reward and waiting for a later reward, while working with money.

This task provides three types of comparison problems: Those with an unknown …

This task provides three types of comparison problems: Those with an unknown difference and two known numbers; those with a known difference and a bigger unknown number; and those with a known difference and smaller unknown number. Students may solve each type using addition or subtraction, although the language in specific problems tends to favor one approach over another.

Students are introduced to classroom routines and expectations, and complete a full …

Students are introduced to classroom routines and expectations, and complete a full mathematics lesson. The class discusses how to clearly present work to classmates. Key ConceptsStudents match a numerical expression to its corresponding description in words. Students interpret parentheses and brackets in numerical expressions and they construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. Students learn to use the exponent 2 to represent squaring.Goals and Learning ObjectivesDescribe the classroom routines and expectations.Collaborate with a partner.Critique a partner’s reasoning.Connect a numerical expression to its corresponding word description.Learn to use an exponent of 2 to represent squaring.

This is a three-credit course which covers topics that enhance the students’ …

This is a three-credit course which covers topics that enhance the students’ problem solving abilities, knowledge of the basic principles of probability/statistics, and guides students to master critical thinking/logic skills, geometric principles, personal finance skills. This course requires that students apply their knowledge to real-world problems. A TI-84 or comparable calculator is required. The course has four main units: Thinking Algebraically, Thinking Logically and Geometrically, Thinking Statistically, and Making Connections. This course is paired with a course in MyOpenMath which contains the instructor materials (including answer keys) and online homework system with immediate feedback. All course materials are licensed by CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.

Topics List for this Lesson: One Step EquationsTwo Step EquationsMulti-Step EquationsSolving Formulas with …

Topics List for this Lesson: One Step EquationsTwo Step EquationsMulti-Step EquationsSolving Formulas with VariablesWriting Algebraic EquationsSolving Word Problems

Equations and Inequalities Type of Unit: Concept Prior Knowledge Students should be …

Equations and Inequalities

Type of Unit: Concept

Prior Knowledge

Students should be able to:

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide with whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Use the symbols <, >, and =. Evaluate expressions for specific values of their variables. Identify when two expressions are equivalent. Simplify expressions using the distributive property and by combining like terms. Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world problems. Order rational numbers. Represent rational numbers on a number line.

Lesson Flow

In the exploratory lesson, students use a balance scale to find a counterfeit coin that weighs less than the genuine coins. Then continuing with a balance scale, students write mathematical equations and inequalities, identify numbers that are, or are not, solutions to an equation or an inequality, and learn how to use the addition and multiplication properties of equality to solve equations. Students then learn how to use equations to solve word problems, including word problems that can be solved by writing a proportion. Finally, students connect inequalities and their graphs to real-world situations.

Students work in pairs to critique and improve their work on the …

Students work in pairs to critique and improve their work on the Self Check from the previous lesson.Key ConceptsTo critique and improve the task from the Self Check and to complete a similar task with a partner, students use what they know about solving equations and relating the equations to real-world situations.Goals and Learning ObjectivesSolve equations using the addition or multiplication property of equality.Write word problems that match algebraic equations.Write equations to represent a mathematical situation.

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