Confronting the National Debt: The Aftermath of the French and Indian War

Review Questions

Which of the following was a cause of the British National Debt in 1763?

  1. drought in Great Britain
  2. the French and Indian War
  3. the continued British military presence in the American colonies
  4. both B and C



What was the main purpose of the Sugar Act of 1764?

  1. It raised taxes on sugar.
  2. It raised taxes on molasses.
  3. It strengthened enforcement of molasses smuggling laws.
  4. It required colonists to purchase only sugar distilled in Great Britain.



What did British colonists find so onerous about the acts that Prime Minister Grenville passed?


The Currency Act required colonists to pay British merchants in gold and silver instead of colonial paper money. With gold and silver in short supply, this put a strain on colonists’ finances. The Sugar Act curtailed smuggling, angering merchants, and imposed stricter enforcement. Many colonists feared the loss of liberty with trials without juries as mandated by the Sugar Act.