Britain’s Law-and-Order Strategy and Its Consequences

Review Questions

How did British General Thomas Gage attempt to deal with the uprising in Massachusetts in 1774?

  1. He offered the rebels land on the Maine frontier in return for loyalty to England.
  2. He allowed for town meetings in an attempt to appease the rebels.
  3. He attempted to seize arms and munitions from the colonial insurgents.
  4. He ordered his troops to burn Boston to the ground to show the determination of Britain.



Which of the following was not a result of Dunmore’s Proclamation?

  1. Slaves joined Dunmore to fight for the British.
  2. A majority of slaves in the colonies won their freedom.
  3. Patriot forces increased their commitment to independence.
  4. Both slaveholding and non-slaveholding whites feared a slave rebellion.



Which of the following is not true of a republic?

  1. A republic has no hereditary ruling class.
  2. A republic relies on the principle of popular sovereignty.
  3. Representatives chosen by the people lead the republic.
  4. A republic is governed by a monarch and the royal officials he or she appoints.



What are the main arguments that Thomas Paine makes in his pamphlet Common Sense? Why was this pamphlet so popular?


In Common Sense, Paine rejects the monarchy, calling into question both the right of any king to rule any people and Great Britain’s right to rule America. He argues for the creation of an American republic and the adoption of a philosophy of republicanism, which would extend to both the structure of the government—composed of representatives, rather than a monarch—and the conduct of the Patriots, who must place the public good and community above their own self-interest. Paine wrote his pamphlet simply, appealing to the “common sense” of ordinary citizens, which helped to increase its popularity.