The Early Years of the Revolution

Review Questions

Which city served as the base for British operations for most of the war?

  1. Boston
  2. New York
  3. Philadelphia
  4. Saratoga



What battle turned the tide of war in favor of the Americans?

  1. the Battle of Saratoga
  2. the Battle of Brandywine Creek
  3. the Battle of White Plains
  4. the Battle of Valley Forge



Which term describes German soldiers hired by Great Britain to put down the American rebellion?

  1. Patriots
  2. Royalists
  3. Hessians
  4. Loyalists



Describe the British strategy in the early years of the war and explain whether or not it succeeded.


The British strategy in the period from 1776 to 1778 was to isolate the New England colonies, where the rebellion was concentrated. They succeeded in the beginning by taking first New York and then Philadelphia. However, they stalled there, and after the British defeat at Saratoga, they were not able to complete their plan to isolate New England.

How did George Washington’s military tactics help him to achieve success?


In the eighteenth century, militaries typically fought only in the summer months. On December 25 and 26, 1776, Washington triumphed over the Hessians encamped at Trenton by surprising them as they celebrated Christmas. Shortly thereafter, he used this same tactic to achieve victory at the Battle of Princeton.