War in the South

Review Questions

Which American general is responsible for improving the American military position in the South?

  1. John Burgoyne
  2. Nathanael Greene
  3. Wilhelm Frederick von Steuben
  4. Charles Cornwallis



Describe the British southern strategy and its results.


The British southern strategy was to move the military theater to the southern colonies where there were more Loyalist colonists. Slaves and Indian allies, the British hoped, would also swell their ranks. This strategy worked at first, allowing the British to take Charleston. However, British fortunes changed after Nathanael Greene took command of the southern Continental Army and scored decisive victories at the battles of Cowpens and Guilford. This set the stage for the final American victory at Yorktown, Virginia. The southern strategy had failed.