The Missouri Crisis

Review Questions

A proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves to Missouri following its admission to the United States was made by ________.

  1. John C. Calhoun
  2. Henry Clay
  3. James Tallmadge
  4. John Quincy Adams



To balance votes in the Senate, ________ was admitted to the Union as a free state at the same time that Missouri was admitted as a slave state.

  1. Florida
  2. Maine
  3. New York
  4. Arkansas



Why did the Missouri Crisis trigger threats of disunion and war? Identify the positions of both southern slaveholders and northern opponents of the spread of slavery.


Northern politicians disliked the terms of the Missouri Compromise because it allowed the expansion of slavery into the lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase. They feared this would lead to the West being dominated by slaveholders. Southerners disliked the compromise because it prohibited people from taking their slaves into the territory north of 36° 30' latitude, which they believed was a violation of their property rights.