1863: The Changing Nature of the War

Review Questions

Which of the following did the North not do to mobilize for war?

  1. institute a military draft
  2. form a military alliance with Great Britain
  3. print paper money
  4. pass the Homestead Act



Why is 1863 considered a turning point in the Civil War?


At the beginning of 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in areas under rebellion. This changed the war from one in which the North fought to preserve the Union to one in which it fought to free enslaved African Americans. On the battlefield, Union forces led by Grant captured Vicksburg, Mississippi, splitting the Confederacy in two and depriving it of a major avenue of transportation. In the east, General Meade stopped a Confederate invasion of the North at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.