The Second New Deal

Review Questions

Which of the following statements accurately describes Mary McLeod Bethune?

  1. She was a prominent supporter of the Townsend Plan.
  2. She was a key figure in the NYA.
  3. She was Eleanor Roosevelt’s personal secretary.
  4. She was a labor organizer.

Hint:

B

The Social Security Act borrowed some ideas from which of the following?

  1. the Townsend Plan
  2. the Division of Negro Affairs
  3. the Education Trust
  4. the NIRA

Hint:

A

What was the first New Deal agency to hire women openly?

  1. the NRA
  2. the WPA
  3. the AAA
  4. the TVA

Hint:

B

What were the major goals and accomplishments of the Indian New Deal?

Hint:

The Indian Reorganization Act, or Indian New Deal, of 1934 put an end to the policies set forth in the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. Rather than encouraging assimilation, the new act promoted Indians’ development of local self-government and the preservation of Indian artifacts and heritage. John Collier, the Commissioner on Indian Bureau Affairs, was able to use the law to push for federal officials’ return of nearly two million acres of government-held land to various tribes.