The Origins of War: Europe, Asia, and the United States

Review Questions

The United States Senator who led the noninterventionists in Congress and called for neutrality legislation in the 1930s was ________.

  1. Gerald P. Nye
  2. Robert Wagner
  3. George C. Marshall
  4. Neville Chamberlain



Describe Franklin Roosevelt’s efforts on behalf of German Jews in the 1930s. How was he able to help, and in what ways did his actions come up short?


Roosevelt recalled the American ambassador from Germany. However, he made no move to relax national immigration quotas, which would have allowed persecuted German Jews to take refuge in the United States. He failed to support legislation that would have enabled Jewish children to enter the country. He also refused to intervene when a ship carrying German refugees, most of whom were Jewish, was turned away from Cuba and looked to the United States for help.