Reconstruction

The Civil War Ends and Slaves are Emancipated

The Confederacy had been defeated, and U.S. Army soldiers arrived in Texas on June 19, 1865 to take possession of the state, restore order, and enforce the emancipation of slaves. When the news arrived in Galveston that they had been set free, the freed slaves rejoiced, creating the celebration of Juneteenth.

Juneteenth Celebration Image
Figure 1. Juneteenth celebration in Austin, Texas, on June 19, 1900