Introduction: The Texas State Legislature


Learning Objectives

At the end of this section you’ll be able to:

  • Understand the structure of the Texas State Legislature

Article 3 of the Texas Constitution describes the legislative department (branch) of Texas. The Texas Legislature is a bicameral (two branches or chambers) system with the Texas Senate being the upper house, and the Texas House of Representatives the lower house. There are a total of 181 members of the Texas Legislature: 31 Senators, and 150 members of the House.