Close Reading Of Prospero's Lines

Close Reading Of Prospero's Lines

Acts 1?3

Opening

With your reading group, briefly review the action of the play so far. Account for the whereabouts of the following groups or individuals at the end of act 3.

  • Prospero
  • Miranda and Ferdinand
  • Ariel
  • Caliban, Stephano, and Trinculo
  • Alonso, Sebastian, Antonio, Gonzalo, and other men from the ship

Act 4

Work Time

Read and annotate act 4 with your group.

Choose from the following options to decide how your group wants to proceed.

  • Take turns, changing the reader periodically.
  • Have one or two able readers read for your group.
  • Pause your reading periodically to discuss what happened.

Keep your voices soft so as not to bother the other groups.

Act 4 Summary

Work Time

Work with your group to summarize the action of act 4. Record answers to the following questions. Each person in the group is responsible for recording answers.

  • What requirements did Prospero insist on when he agreed to allow Miranda to marry Ferdinand?
  • What new task is Ariel given?
  • What is the function of the singing sprites and nymphs?
  • How does Prospero explain the singing sprites and nymphs?
  • What trap does Prospero set for Caliban, Sebastian, and Trinculo?

Open Notebook

Prospero?s Speech

Work Time

After Prospero has called forth spirits (Ceres, Iris, Juno, and the rest) to entertain Ferdinand and Miranda, he quickly dismisses them and speaks to Ferdinand.

  • Listen as your teacher reads lines 136–148 and calls on several students to read them aloud also.
  • Ask about any vocabulary words you don’t know.

Response to Prospero?s Speech

Work Time

Taking the perspective of one of the characters, write a brief response to each of the following prompts.

  • Prospero wants to cheer up Ferdinand.
  • The “revels now are ended.”
  • What Ferdinand saw—“this vision, / The cloud-capp’d towers, the gorgeous palaces, / The solemn temples, the great globe itself.”

Open Notebook

Share your responses with your group. Use the following questions to help prepare for a Whole Group Share about these lines.

  • Prospero indicates that Ferdinand is upset. What upsets him?
  • What “revels” are ended?
  • Prospero uses similes to compare the disappearance of the visions to the world around them. Explain the comparisons.
  • When he says “We,” whom does Prospero mean?

Response to Prospero?s Speech

Closing

Talk with the whole class about the lines from Prospero’s speech and their meaning.

  • Prospero indicates that Ferdinand is upset. What upsets him?
  • What “revels” are ended?
  • Prospero uses similes to compare the disappearance of the visions to the world around them. Explain the comparisons.
  • When he says “We,” whom does Prospero mean?

Who Is Civilized? Essay

Homework

Act 5 will give some resolution to the issues in the play. Before reading it during Lesson 8, continue to plan for your essay using these broad questions.

  • Who is civilized?
  • Who decides what civilization is or how it’s defined?
  • How do we behave toward and acknowledge those whose culture is different from our own?

What has changed in act 4 for the following issues?

  • Freedom versus slavery
  • Civilized behavior versus barbaric behavior
  • Revenge versus forgiveness
  • Power versus weakness

Share some of the lines you would cite to support your ideas about who in the play is civilized.