# Climate Change in New Hampshire (final)

Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education

## Climate Change in New Hampshire

### Part II: Background on LMS and Math Teacher relationship

This lesson was created by Library Media Specialist (LMS), Helen Brock, and Math teacher, Sabrina Kirwan. Helen’s strengths are finding relevant sources for text-based inquiry and modeling annotation and research strategies and she requested to see Sabrina model math content knowledge. Sabrina’s strengths are math content knowledge and she requested to see Helen model student research strategies supported by text-based inquiry.

### Part III: Unit Description

This unit was developed for a junior level pre-Calculus class to be taught during the first quarter of the 2016-17 school year. The lessons of the unit will culminate in each group of students creating and analyzing a mathematical model to predict the future impacts of climate change in New Hampshire and make a presentation as a group. The texts and historic data source, while specific to New Hampshire, may be of interest to other regions of the country. However, state climate change reports and climate data specific to your location may be available through state universities and meteorological stations.

Using inquiry-based reading, students will integrate, evaluate, and synthesize multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media in order to address the essential question.

Over the course of the unit, students will create a summary of data and inquiry-based readings on their group topic. Using data analysis to create a model, students will make predictions of future climate impacts. Each student will also use an online carbon footprint calculator and propose ways to reduce individual impact.

Extension activity: Proposal of ways to reduce and adapt to climate impacts regionally.

Common Core Math Practices

Reason abstractly and quantitatively.

Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

Model with Mathematics.

Common Core Math Content

N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems.

N-Q.A.2 Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.

A-CED Create equations that describe numbers or relationships.

F-IF Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.

S-IS  Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments and observational studies.

Next Generation Science Standards Crosscutting Concepts

##### Stability and Change: Much of science deals with constructing explanations of how things change and how they remain stable.

HS-C3.5:  Algebraic thinking is used to examine scientific data and predict the effect of a change in one variable on another (e.g., linear growth vs. exponential growth).

Next Generation Science Standards

HS-ESS3-5 Earth and Human ActivityAnalyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.

HS-ESS3-6 Earth and Human Activity : Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.

HS-ESS2-2 Earth's Systems :  Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.

Science and Engineering Practices

HS-P4.1: Analyze data using tools, technologies, and/or models (e.g., computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims or determine an optimal design solution.

HS-P7.4: Construct, use, and/or present an oral and written argument or counter-arguments based on data and evidence.

HS-P8.5: Communicate scientific and/or technical information or ideas (e.g. about phenomena and/or the process of development and the design and performance of a proposed process or system) in multiple formats (i.e., orally, graphically, textually, mathematically).

CCSS Science Literacy Standards

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.2: Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.

EXTENSION:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.8:   Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author's claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.7: Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12: Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.9: Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.

HS-LS2-7:  Students who demonstrate understanding can:  Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.

### Part V: Unit Essential Question

EQ: How can we make inferences and justify conclusions from historic climate data and scientific studies to determine future climate change in New Hampshire?

### Part VI: Goals for Using Inquiry

The goals for using inquiry in this unit are to have students:

• Examine provided texts and data
• Select additional resources to use
• Recognize the need and develop a plan to reduce their household/personal carbon footprint
• Develop their own mathematical model using historic climate data
• Justify and share their results on the impact of climate change

The media library specialist has selected a data-rich anchor text about the regional impacts of climate change and will provide support for students to access and analyze additional resources that support their specific topic.

### Part VII: Summative Assessment Description and Rubric

This unit includes lessons that culminate in each group of students creating and analyzing a mathematical model to predict the impacts of climate change with a particular focus.

Each group will complete several tasks which include:

1. Graph creation and data analysis
2. Summary of data and inquiry-based reading on group topic
3. Predictions and justifications of future regional climate impacts from models
4. Proposal of how to reduce carbon footprint
5. Group presentation utilizing technology

Extension: Proposal of ways to reduce and adapt to climate impacts regionally

Rubrics:

Climate Change Formative Assessments

Climate Change Summative Assessment

Presentation Rubric

### Part VIII: Prior Knowledge Needed

Students should have previous experience with:

• Scientific graphing calculators
• Reading charts, graphs, and tables of data
• Data analysis

Prior scientific knowledge should include the water cycle and erosion, the carbon dioxide cycle, and weather and climate change.  Students should be familiar with accessing, analyzing, and evaluating information from several sources and synthesizing this information to answer their research or essential questions. Students should also have experience utilizing annotations to help comprehend complex texts in various subjects.

### Part IX: Student Learning Objectives

1. The student will be able to identify linear and nonlinear relationships and create an equation.
2. The student will be able to predict how climate change will affect New Hampshire by analyzing historic climate trend data.
3. The student will be able to determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text.
4. The student will be able to construct and present an oral and written argument based on data and evidence.
5. The student will be able to analyze/evaluate the data from a carbon footprint calculator and create a personal (household) solution to minimize his/her carbon footprint.
6. The student will be able to cite specific textual evidence to make inferences and justify conclusions about climate change data.
7. Extension: The student will be able to develop a plan to mitigate personal and regional impacts of climate change by adapting our behaviors.

### Part XII: Attachment of Student Work Examples

Climate Change Group Project A

Climate Change Group Project B

Climate Change Group Project C

Reflection on Student Work:

Where were our students successful?

Students were able to manage a massive amount of data to create their model.

The mathematical modeling was completed successfully. They were able to accurately model their data with an equation. In addition, they successfully made predictions using their model equation.

The design was multidimensional as it incorporated different types of inquiry. We strove to make it personal and relevant with regional climate data, our land grant university report, and the student’s own household data.

Our unit design incorporated regional climate change data and reports available from our local land grant university. All supplemental materials are readily available from government science websites.

What were the strengths of our collaboration in teaching the unit?

We made good use of two different teaching areas, the math classroom and the library, for the teaching portion of the unit and the presentations.  Another strength was the co-teaching aspect, we fluidly incorporated the math and literacy lessons. We anticipated how best to support each other given our strengths and schedules.

### Part XIII: Teacher and Librarian Reflection on the Implementation of the Lessons

Teacher reflection on the implementation of the lessons

What worked well:

Students had opportunities for managing, sorting, & interpreting massive data sets.

Students saw the importance of using evidence to support ideas.

The International Carbon Footprint online activity was very engaging. Students may become more active participants in their world and climate change after this unit of study.

Changes for future implementation:

Legacy project where the data and predictions from the previous years would be evaluated and updated. This would help to reinforce the idea of model refinement with new data.

Set aside more time for students reading text aloud and independently.

Re-work rubrics making it easier to delineate between exemplary and proficient when comparing student work.  Rating the student’s understanding of the data  they picked as extensive or solid was a challenge.

Take a class trip to the Mt. Washington Observatory or other local weather station to see how all of the data is collected.

Librarian reflection on the implementation of lessons

What worked well:

Without a lot of discussion ahead of time, Sabrina and I were able to smoothly share the teaching and evaluating of the lessons. This was a new experience for us and for the students; it had some bumps but the unit proceeded as we had planned.

Students came to appreciate the relevance of the unit and the work being asked of them, although there was some push back.

Changes for future implementation:

Properly introduce the purpose and scope of the unit and the roles of the collaborative teachers.

Allow for class discussion of the individual Carbon Footprint results. This would give students a chance to see how their households compared with others and brainstorm ways to lower their impact moving forward.

Ensure that students understand the anchor text, especially the graphs and tables. Encourage additional reading and exploration of the supplemental texts and videos.

Allow for peer feedback and discussion after the presentations.

On a personal level, I would have liked to understand the math principles employed by the students to develop their models. In addition, in our building, it was hard to get coverage for the library so that I wasn’t able to be in the math classroom for the length of time we had planned.

School Librarians Advancing STEM Learning, Granite State University, Concord, NH, February 2016. Funding provided by IMLS.