Surface Area and Volume Type of Unit: Conceptual Prior Knowledge Students should …

Surface Area and Volume

Type of Unit: Conceptual

Prior Knowledge

Students should be able to:

Identify rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and their bases and heights. Identify cubes, rectangular prisms, and pyramids and their faces, edges, and vertices. Understand that area of a 2-D figure is a measure of the figure's surface and that it is measured in square units. Understand volume of a 3-D figure is a measure of the space the figure occupies and is measured in cubic units.

Lesson Flow

The unit begins with an exploratory lesson about the volumes of containers. Then in Lessons 2–5, students investigate areas of 2-D figures. To find the area of a parallelogram, students consider how it can be rearranged to form a rectangle. To find the area of a trapezoid, students think about how two copies of the trapezoid can be put together to form a parallelogram. To find the area of a triangle, students consider how two copies of the triangle can be put together to form a parallelogram. By sketching and analyzing several parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles, students develop area formulas for these figures. Students then find areas of composite figures by decomposing them into familiar figures. In the last lesson on area, students estimate the area of an irregular figure by overlaying it with a grid. In Lesson 6, the focus shifts to 3-D figures. Students build rectangular prisms from unit cubes and develop a formula for finding the volume of any rectangular prism. In Lesson 7, students analyze and create nets for prisms. In Lesson 8, students compare a cube to a square pyramid with the same base and height as the cube. They consider the number of faces, edges, and vertices, as well as the surface area and volume. In Lesson 9, students use their knowledge of volume, area, and linear measurements to solve a packing problem.

Lesson OverviewStudents estimate the area of Lake Chad by overlaying a grid …

Lesson OverviewStudents estimate the area of Lake Chad by overlaying a grid on the map of the lake.Key ConceptThe area of an irregular figure can be found by overlaying a grid on the figure. By estimating the number of grid squares the figure covers and multiplying by the area of each square, you can find the approximate area of the figure. The accuracy of the estimate depends on the size of the grid squares. Using a smaller grid leads to a more accurate estimate because more whole grid squares are completely filled. However, using a smaller grid also requires more counting and more combining of partially-filled squares and is, therefore, more time-consuming. Using a larger grid gives a quicker, but rougher, estimate of the area.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUse a grid to find the area of an irregular figure.MaterialsMap of Lake Chad handout (one for each pair of students)Rulers, optional (one for each pair of students)

Normally we find things using landmark navigation. When you move to a …

Normally we find things using landmark navigation. When you move to a new place, it may take you awhile to explore the new streets and buildings, but eventually you recognize enough landmarks and remember where they are in relation to each other. However, another accurate method for locating places and things is using grids and coordinates. In this activity, students will come up with their own system of a grid and coordinates for their classroom and understand why it is important to have one common method of map-making.

In this lesson, students are shown the very basics of navigation. The …

In this lesson, students are shown the very basics of navigation. The concepts of relative and absolute location, latitude, longitude and cardinal directions are discussed, as well as the use and principles of a map and compass.

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