Laura Donnelly
Physical Geography
Material Type:
Middle School
  • Geograaphy
  • Landforms
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Media Formats:

    What is Geography and Landforms Within It

    What is Geography and Landforms Within It


    Geography and Landforms Unit!

    What in the world?

    Prompting Questions: Geography - Where are you from? What is Geography? How does Geography affect where you live? The study of physical features of the earth, its atmosphere and human activity (land use, resources, industries)

    What is Geography? The study of physical features of the earth, its atmosphere and human activity (land use, resources, industries)


    Let’s get thinking!

    Use the checklist below to ask yourself the following questions.

    Record your answers in your notebook or a method of your choice. If you would like, you can use speech-to-text or audio recording tools.

    Where are you born?

    What city do you live in?

    What province do you live in?

    What coutry do you live in?

    Physical Changes over time!

    Prompting Question: What are certain things that can effect landforms when it comes to weather?

    1. Weather Events: Short-term variations in weather patterns, such as storms, droughts, and heatwaves, can have immediate impacts on the physical environment. These events can result in flooding, erosion, landslides, and other changes to the landscape.

    2. Tectonic Activity: Plate tectonics and associated geological processes, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and the formation of mountain ranges, can reshape the Earth's surface over millions of years.

    3. Erosion and Sedimentation: The processes of erosion and sedimentation continually reshape the Earth's surface. Over time, rivers, glaciers, wind, and other forces wear down landforms and deposit sediments, creating new landscapes.

    4. Sea-Level Rise: Rising sea levels, primarily driven by global warming, can lead to the inundation of coastlines and changes in coastal ecosystems. This is a long-term consequence of climate change.

    5. Glacial and Permafrost Changes: In polar and mountainous regions, the extent and behavior of glaciers and permafrost can change due to climate fluctuations. This affects landforms, hydrology, and ecosystems.

    6. Human Activities: Human activities like urbanization, deforestation, agriculture, mining, and construction can lead to significant changes in the physical environment. These activities can alter landscapes, disrupt ecosystems, and cause pollution.

    Natural Disasters: Events such as volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and wildfires can cause rapid and dramatic changes to the physical environment. These changes may be destructive in the short term but can also contribute to long-term environmental adaptations.

    The physical environment in geography changes over time due to a variety of natural and human-induced factors. These changes can occur on various timescales, from short-term, rapid changes to long-term, gradual changes. Here are some of the key factors contributing to changes in the physical environment over time.

    Understanding such things as weather events, tectonic plate shift, sea level rise, human activity and natural disasters, and studying these changes in the physical environment is a central focus of the field of geography. Geographers and scientists use a variety of tools, techniques, and models to monitor, analyze, and predict these changes and their impacts on ecosystems, human societies, and the planet as a whole.

    Please fil out the chart and be prepared to discuss in class.


    My Place Map

    Prompting question: What are some of the symbols/traditions and representation of Canada such as:


    Maple syrup and Tim Hortons are two iconic symbols that hold a special place in Canadian culture and identity. Both maple syrup and Tim Hortons are symbolic elements of Canadian identity and culture, representing the country's natural abundance and culinary traditions, as well as its love for coffee and communal gatherings. These characteristics showcase the unique and diverse aspects of Canada's cultural landscape.

    Geography usually focuses on long-term changes. Geographers want to understand what causes the changes and the role humans have in bringing them about.


    Things to Consider:




    - space with meaning

    - emotions someone attaches to an area based on experiences.

    Using a Canadian Map, FIND 1 RESPRESNTATION OF EACH PROVINCE - See Example. 


    Must include Example

    • 10 pictures

    • 12 words

    • compass rose

    • coloured neatly

    • good use of space

    • boundary stands out

    Different Landforms

    Landforms refer to the natural features and shapes of the Earth's surface, and they are the result of various geological and environmental processes. Canada, due to its vast size and diverse geography, exhibits a wide range of landforms. Here are some of the prominent landforms found in Canada:

    Such landforms include:






    Fill out the esxit pass accordin to the numbered picture. Be prepared to discuss it in class

    Maps of Landforms

    Prompting Questions:

    1. Gather Reference Material:

      • Before you start sketching, gather reference materials such as maps, photographs, or diagrams of the landform you want to draw. These references will help you understand the shape, size, and details of the landform.
    2. Choose Your Perspective:

      • Decide on the perspective from which you want to depict the landform. Are you sketching it from an aerial view, a side view, or a three-dimensional perspective? The choice of perspective will affect how you approach the sketch.
    3. Use Basic Shapes:

      • Begin by breaking down the landform into basic geometric shapes. For example, mountains can be represented by triangles, hills by ovals, and rivers by wavy lines. This simplification makes it easier to start the sketch.
    4. Outline the Landform:

      • Start by lightly sketching the outline of the landform using the basic shapes as a guide. Pay attention to the contours and edges, as they are crucial in conveying the form of the landform.
    5. Add Details:

      • Gradually add details to your sketch. Include features like ridges, valleys, cliffs, vegetation, and water bodies if they are relevant to the landform. These details can provide a more accurate representation of the landform.
    6. Shading and Texture:

      • Use shading and texture to add depth and realism to your sketch. Lightly shade areas that are in shadow and use lines or stippling to depict texture, such as rock surfaces or forests. This adds dimension to your drawing.
    7. Label Key Features:

      • If your sketch is part of an educational project, label key features of the landform, such as its name, elevation, prominent landmarks, or any other relevant information.
    8. Scale and Proportions:

      • Pay attention to the scale and proportions in your sketch. Ensure that the relative sizes and distances of features are accurately represented. This is especially important in topographic maps and cross-sectional sketches.
    9. Choose Appropriate Tools:

      • Depending on your skill level and preferences, you can use a variety of tools such as pencils, pens, charcoal, or digital drawing software. Each has its unique advantages and can be used to create different effects.
    10. Practice and Observation:

      • Landform sketching, like any form of art, improves with practice. Spend time observing landforms in the field or through photographs, and practice sketching different types of landforms to hone your skills.


    Landforms - A landform is a natural feature that makes up Earth's surface. There are five large landforms that make up most of Earth's surface: mountains, plateaus, shields, plains and valleys.

    Remember that sketching landforms is a valuable skill in geography, geology, and environmental sciences. It helps in understanding the Earth's surface features, their formation, and their impact on the environment. Whether you're a student, researcher, or simply interested in geography, sketching landforms can be a helpful tool for visualizing and communicating geographical concepts

    Please watch the video on Landforms.

    "Landforms" is in the Public Domain

    After Identifying the differnt types of landforms from the previous slides, pleaase take a look at the chart attached. Please print qa hard copy and sketch out the equired landforms. Once finished, please hand it in in the "IN" bin.


    Topographic Maps

    A topographic map is a detailed, accurate graphic representation of features that appear on the Earth's surface, including:

    • human-made (such as roads and railways, provincial and national parks, place names, municipal and township boundaries, lots and concessions)
    • natural (such as lakes and rivers, falls, rapids and rocks, wooded areas, wetlands)

    Read through the slide deck and answer the questions on slide deck #6 and submit it on google classroom.

    Based on the knowledge of your research and after you have completed, pull up the worksheet called Topographic Maps Worksheet and complete the sheet on slopes and peaks and submit it on gogole classroom. This is your exit pass for this assignment.

    Landforms Review

    Landforms are essential features of the Earth's surface, and they play a significant role in shaping our planet's physical, biological, and human environments. Here are some key reasons highlighting the importance of landforms:

    It important to note that human-induced changes to landforms can have both positive and negative consequences. While they can support human needs and economic development, they can also lead to environmental degradation, habitat loss, and disruption of natural processes. Sustainable land management and conservation efforts are essential to mitigate adverse human impacts on landforms and preserve their natural beauty and ecological functions.

    FINAL RECAP MOMENT - Please prepare to discuss Landforms and Geo review to prepare for your quiz! 
    Why is it important?

    How are Human changes and Natural changes different when talking about landforms?

    Landforms Practice Quiz

    Please complete the pratcice open book quiz and submit through Google Classroom. 



    Please make sure you review the qeustions first. If you need any extra time please. 

    Please review the test taking tips clide deck first to get in the zone!