Chioma Ezegwu
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Graduate / Professional
  • Digital Future
  • Education
  • Human Security
  • Security
  • Surveillance
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives

    Security and Nigerians’ Education in the Digital Future

    Security and Nigerians’ Education in the Digital Future


    Welcome to this exciting topic on security and Nigeria Education in the digital future. The OER is basically focused on projecting security and surveillance issues in education and what it might look like for the Nigerian context for the near future. I hope you find the information and resources useful.                                                       

    Activities and Resources


    Nigeria operates a 1-6-3-3-4 system of education: one year of Early Childhood education, six years of primary education, three years of junior secondary education, three years of senior secondary education and four years’ of tertiary education. Apart from online applications, fees payment and retrieval of documents and students’ results, Nigerian education has very little to do with the internet and the country is making slow progress towards advanced information communication technology (ICT)-infused education. Nonetheless, Nigerian’s engagement with ICT is deepening. Up to 63 of the 183 million population of the country were internet users by the end of 2016. A review of what Nigerians do when they are online suggests that many users are uninformed that internet is neither anonymous nor forgets whatever that has been written or uploaded unto it, even when the authors appear to have deleted it. They freely engage in hate speeches, foul languages, anti-social behaviors, support for violent groups and various forms of nefarious activities online. While they appear ignorant of implications of their online activities, the country which is suffering under heavy impact of various terrorist and violent groups across her is deepening its online surveillance of people’s activities as part of its anti-terrorism campaign.  

    This training course seeks to educate learners to understand the impact of terrorism on education in the digital future and be able to engage in forecast and prognosis and, also explore the way forward in order to protect education in the digital future. It is believed that, in relation to education in the era of terrorism and organized crimes, which are largely networked online, could result in massive and diversified forms of surveillance. Students enrolled here are required to read the open educational resources (OER) provided below, which is expected to take no more than two hours, use 30 minutes to reflect on the implications of intersectionality of terrorism, internet of thing and surveillance for the future of education and, use 30 minutes to write 300 words essay on the "Future Implications of Young Peoples Online Activities on Their Education in the Era of Anti-Terrorism Inspired Surveillance". 

    Open Educational Resources (OER)

    Below are essential and additional readings for this course. The essential readings are expected to take a total of two hours: efforts have been made to provide very short documents that could be read or viewed within few minutes; for resources requiring longer reading time, brief summary versions have also been provided, highlighting key information so that you can choose to read the whole document at some other time and at your convenient space.

    Background of Nigeria: Education and ICT use

    The following resources provide basic information on education and information communication technology (ICT) use in Nigeria:

    Ø  Structure of Nigeria Education

    Ø  Nigeria Education Fact Sheet

    Ø  Ethnopaulism and Ethno-Religious Hate Speech in Nigeria (click here for a summary version)

    Ø  Internet Scam: Seven Undergraduates Arrested (3:49 minutes video)

    Ø  Nigerian youths promoting hate speeches (2:04 minutes video)

    Ø  A Kid in Nigeria Wants To Be A Yahoo Boy (Internet Scammer) (1:8 minutes video)

    Ø  The Top 10 Drivers of Internet Traffic in Nigeria (click here to download summary version)

    Surveillance, Anonymity and Internet Backlash

    Given below are some academic and newspaper readings that highlight evidence of surveillance and its effect on people's education, career and future:

    Ø  Bachmann, G., Knecht, M. and Wittel, A. (2017) Editorial: The social productivity of anonymity. Ephemera: theory and politics in organization. 17(2): 241-258

    Ø Lyon, D. (2017). Surveillance Culture: Engagement, Exposure, and Ethics in Digital Modernity. International Journal of Communication11 (2017), 824-842

    Ø ​​​​​​​Fame, Shame and Social Media: Missional Insights for Youth Ministry (Click here for summary version)

    Ø  We Now Monitor Social Media For Anti-Government And Anti-Military Information – Military (8:15 minutes video)

    Ø Redeemer’s University expel student for social media post

    Education, Security, and internet of things

    Materials here refer to how security challenges intersecting with the internet of a thing could pose a challenge to some unsuspecting and careless students.

    Ø  Student accused of being a terrorist for reading book on terrorism

    Ø  The effects of terrorism and counter-terrorism measures on the enjoyment of children’s rights

    Human Security Framework

    The Human security framework refers to the United Nations charter to protect fundamental freedom of everyone, including people’s protecting people from critical, severe and pervasive threats and conditions. Rights to education, association, and personal development are threatened by increasing terrorism and violence that has been enhanced by widespread access to the internet. Ensuring people’s freedom in the era of these threats demands multidimensional approaches, including educating people on how to protect their freedom and identity from both criminal and surveillance cultural institution and putting in place mechanisms that protect people from all forms of threats, especially those that are proliferated through the aid of the internet. See An Overview of the United Nations Human Security Concept (pages 5-7). For further reference, see Human Security Approach. In the early 2000s, a academics employed the Framework in the promotion of safe, quality and equitable education system, some of which are included below:

    Additional reading

    Ø  How One Stupid Tweet Blew Up Justine Sacco’s Life

    Ø  Global Terrorism Index: Nigerian Fulani militants named as fourth deadliest terror group in world. Independent UK

    Ø  The Key to Internet Security Is Education - GIAC Certifications

    Ø  How One Stupid Tweet Blew Up Justine Sacco’s Life. New York Times.

    Ø  Nigeria and hate speeches

    Ø  Hate Speech: Minding your language in today’s Nigeria

    Ø  Online Degrees Not Acceptable In Nigeria, NUC Warns

    Class Activity

    In relation to the central objective and approaches of the United Nations' Human Security Framework, write 300 words prognostic essay on  Future Implications of Young Nigerians Online Activities on Their Education in the Era of Anti-Terrorism Inspired Surveillance. Add your submission below. If you are unable to upload your class activity here in the student content, feel free to email it to

    Type or paste your 300 words-essay here