Tracy Rains
Elementary Education, Reading Foundation Skills
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Upper Primary
4, 5
  • Compare and Contrast
  • English Language Arts
  • Evidence Based Reading
  • Text Dependent Analysis
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    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Graphics/Photos, Interactive, Text/HTML

    Read, Analyze, and Cite Evidence - Cactus Jam

    Read, Analyze, and Cite Evidence - Cactus Jam


    In this seminar you will learn how to read and analyze a story about making cactus jam. You will be able to communicate in writing the steps that it takes to make cactus jam by using evidence from the story to help you to support your answer to the questions that will follow.


    C.C.1.2.3 B Ask and answer questions about the text and make inferences about the text; refer to text to support response.

    C.C.1.3.5B Cite textual evidence by quoting accurately from the text to to explain what the text says explicitly and make inferences.



    Introductory warm-up activity.

    First, open this KWL chart. - Either alone or with a small group complete the K and W columns of the KWL chart about text dependent analysis.

    Next, watch one of the two videos about text dependent analysis:

    • Teacher made song for students to learn about text dependent analysis

    • Student and teacher made song

    Last, go back to your chart and see if you want to add anything additional.


    During this seminar activity you learn how to read and analyze a short text by citing evidence from the story to support your answers.




    Read the story “Cactus Jam

    Please watch the videos below on Text Dependent Analysis and Critical thinking skills.

    This first video will explain how authors construct a story. Think about why this is important when answering text dependent analysis questions. In turn, by listening to all of the video, you will understand all of the components, and it will help you to be able to critically analyze a text.  

    This second video will help you to understand what a text dependent question is and is not.

    Practice with the 7 vocabulary words in this quizlet by clicking on the learn and flashcard area on the screen.  Next play the matching game until you feel that you are ready for the text.  Finally take the test.



    Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

    What are the steps for making jam? Write each step in the correct box to show the order of the steps for making jam. What has to happen before you start making jam?  How does this relate to a cooking experience you have had in the past?  Share the comparison.


    Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

    Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.


    This is a task or project where you can show what you know.

    Pretend that you are a member of the Tohono O’odham and live in the Arizona desert. Write a story about the day you helped make jam from the fruits of the saguaro. Start your story when you woke up in the morning and finish your story when you went to bed at night. Use information from the passage in your story, but you may make up details also. Use the lines on the next page to write your story.

    Your writing will be scored on how well you:

    • show that you understood the ideas in the passage.

    • use ideas from the passage as part of your own story.

    • use words and sentences to create images for the reader.

    • use periods, capital letters, and correct grammar.


    Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.  

    Please write a paragraph and tell a friend the steps that it takes to make cactus jam. Write the steps in your journal.