Author:
Tracy Rains
Subject:
Elementary Education, Composition and Rhetoric
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Level:
Upper Primary
Grade:
4, 5
Tags:
  • Compare and Contrast
  • English Language Arts
  • NE ELA
  • Nebraska Department of Education
  • Text Structure
  • ne-ela
    License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Language:
    English
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Interactive, Text/HTML, Video

    Education Standards

    Introduction to Types of Text Structure Narrow Focus-Descriptive and Compare/Contrast

    Introduction to Types of Text Structure Narrow Focus-Descriptive and Compare/Contrast

    Overview

    In this seminar, you will be introduced to the six common types of text structure. Then, the seminar will narrow its focus to the first two structures. You will learn how authors organize ideas to help you to better understand the nonfiction texts you encounter, and you will explore the graphic organizers used to support them.

    Standards

    CC.1.2.5.E Use text structure, in and among texts, to interpret information.

     

    Engage

    Introductory warm-up activity.

    How do authors organize the texts they write? This unit teaches five common text structures used in informational and nonfiction text: description, sequence, cause and effect, compare and contrast, and problem and solution.

    Watch this video to learn more.

    Explore

    Read or watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.

    Read

    Watch

    Do

    It is essential for you to do both “Read” activities, so you understand the importance of text structures and the types of text structures authors use.

    Introduction to the importance of  text structures)

    Introduction to types of text structure

    Overview  of all text structures

    Next, watch these:

    Descriptive Structure

    Compare/Contrast Structure

    Descriptive or Compare/Contrast?  You will read mini passages and determine their text structures. Click here for practice and an answer key

     

    Explain

    Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

    Review these two different graphic organizers:  graphic organizer #1 and graphic organizer #2. Explain how each would be helpful in analyzing text structure for descriptive or compare and contrast text passages.

    Evaluate

    Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

    Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.

    Elaborate

    Deciding on topics for this activity could be a little tricky. Why? It is because whatever two topics you compare/contrast in Part I, you must be able to take one of the two topics and transform it into a descriptive/spatial writing and organizer in Part II. For example, earlier in the seminar you read about the similarities and differences of tornadoes and hurricanes. These would be plausible topics for Part I. Then, Part II would lend itself to using one of these storms and transforming the information into a purely descriptive passage. Be sure to carefully think through how your topics can satisfy both parts of the activity.

    Two Parts:

    Part I - Create Your Own Compare/Contrast Writing and Organizer - Once again, you will choose topics of interest. Be sure you choose two things which are closely linked or are often confused, so there is a purpose to your activity. Also, remember to include similarities (compare) and differences (contrast) about your topics. Research your ideas if necessary. Your final document can be typed on a Google Doc. You will also design the graphic organizer that corresponds to your writing. Include information from the passage in your organizer. Keep in mind, you can complete the writing and organizer in any order. They go hand in hand. This can be designed on Google Drawing.

    Part II - Create Your Own Descriptive/Spatial Writing  and Organizer - You will decide on one topic from Part I to use for this Part II activity. You will use as many details as possible to make your topic very descriptive.  Use helpful tips you have experienced in this seminar. Feel free to research specific details about your topic as well. Your final document can be typed on a Google Doc. You will also design the graphic organizer that corresponds to your writing. Include information from the passage in your organizer. Keep in mind, you can complete the writing and organizer in any order. They go hand in hand. This can be designed on Google Drawing.

    Express

    Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.  

    After being introduced to all the common structures and focusing in on Descriptive/Spatial and Compare/Contrast, why do you think it is so important for you to be able to classify texts as being organized in certain ways?