Tracy Rains
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Middle School, High School
  • Descripciones
  • Introduction to Spanish
  • agreement
  • comoeres
  • comoes
  • ser
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial

    Sentence Agreement and Articles

    Sentence Agreement and Articles


    Spanish people are very particular about gender and the number of items.  You must be very specific in your Spanish writing to make sure your sentence agrees.  When being specific use definite articles (el, la, los, or las) when not being specific using indefinite articles (un, una, unos, or unas).  Make sure your articles match your subject and verb!  This seminar will help you understand the small stuff and how to sound your best when speaking another language!

    ACTFL Standards

    • Communication: Interpretive Communication

    • Comparisons: Language Comparisons

    Learning Target

    I can say or write something about friends and classmates or co-workers with agreement using definite and indefinite articles.  

    Habits of Mind

    Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision

    Critical Thinking Skill

    Construct Meaning




    Introductory warm-up activity.

    In order to communicate to your friends, you must be clear in your language and understand that even the smallest words make an impact in understanding.  Communication in another language has different rules.

    Academic/Concept Vocabulary

    • Definite Articles (el, la, los, and las)

    • Indefinite Articles (un, una, unos, and unas)

    • Review commonly used vocabulary in this lesson here.


    Read and watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.




    Click here to read.

    Definite & Indefinite Articles in Spanish

    Use this interactive to practice and learn the vocabulary terms you will need to understand for this Seminar.

    Choose your study mode!

    Explore More

    • Learn about Raul the famous soccer player on Real Madrid.

    • Practice ser and subject pronouns with a Quia game.


    Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

    Based on what you learned in the Explore and Engage sections of this Seminar, answer the following prompt:

    • Why do you think Spanish people are so particular about ensuring their sentences agree with gender and quantity?  Do you think this is a strange concept? Why or why not?


    Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.


    This is a task or project where you can show what you know.


    Learn about La Familia Baxter from the show "Last Man Standing."

    Click here to view.

    Part One:

    As you are listening, keep a list of how many times you hear conjugations of the verb ser.  Indicate what forms you hear, how many of each form, and a total.

    Example: 3- soy, 1- eres, 2- es TOTAL: 6

    Part Two:

    Select two people you heard about.  Write a sentence (2 sentences in total) describing each of them using ser and adjectives.  Careful with agreement!

    Using the suggested formula to write: (Name + form of ser + adjective.)

    Submit both part one and part two together.


    Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.  


    1. Write a reflection essay answering the following questions:

    • You have learned that Spanish people are very particular about agreement for both gender and quantity.  Why do you think it is important for us to really make sure we understand agreement?  Is there a rule or something that you have learned and will continue to remember throughout learning Spanish?


    2. Post an Artifact.

    • Include an artifact(s) that contains specific experiences, readings, assignments, or discussions in this course that supports your point.

    • What did you learn by creating this artifact? Be specific.

    • How did this artifact and other course elements help you reach it? Be specific.