Education Standards

Animal Health - Administering Drugs


This is a lesson that can be used to teach beginning Introduction to Agriculture students about the types of drugs we administer to animals. Students then get to complete a hands-on lab activity where they learn about and demonstrate four types of injections.

Introduction to Agriculture - Agriscience - Animal Science Unit


Subject Area Plan

Course:Intro to Ag
Unit:Agriscience - Animal Science
Subject Area:Animal Health - Unit 27
Materials, Supplies, Equipment, References, and Other Resources:Materials listed in activity materials.
NE Standards:

AFNR.HS.2.2.a Demonstrate management techniques that ensure animal welfare.

AFNR.HS.2.2.b Analyze procedures to ensure that animal products are safe for consumption.

AFNR.HS.2.6.b Apply principles of comparative anatomy and physiology to uses within animal systems.

Essential Question(s):  

What is animal health and why is it important to consumers/producers/pet owners?

How can we treat animals for sickness or prevent animals from getting sick?

  1. Understand how to prevent animal health problems.
  2. Explain various methods of treating animal health problems.
  3. Demonstrate four types of vaccination injections/sites.
  4. Differentiate between four types of vaccination injections/sites.


Interest Approach/Set/Hook (Preflection)Estimated Time:1-2 min
Think about the last time you visited the doctor. Were you sick or just in for a check-up? Were you prescribed an antibiotic or get a shot? When I say “write”, take 60 seconds to record your answer to this question:  Why is it important that we visit the doctor when we get sick or want to prevent getting sick? WRITEWhy is this also important for our pets or other animals? Today we are going to look at how to treat animal health problems through the administration of drugs and then we will analyze the differences between four common vaccine administration methods.


Learning Activity 1Estimated Time:12 min
Instructor Directions / MaterialsBrief Content Outline
  • slideshow presentation
  • guided notes pages for students
  • necessary equipment - listed in content outline


Students will complete the guided notes section over administering drugs. (8 slides) Provide materials for students to touch and feel to connect vocabulary to equipment and knowledge in the notes. This should include a:

  • balling gun
  • drench bag
  • vaccination or antibiotic used with injections
  • syringe (without needle)
  • cannula
As you go through the slides, pause to allow students to pass the appropriate item around the room. Allow time for students to ask questions before moving on to the next slide.


Learning Activity 2Estimated Time:30 min
Instructor Directions / MaterialsBrief Content Outline
One per student:
  • orange
  • needle
  • syringe
  • cup of kool-aid
  • alcohol wipe
  • safety glasses
  • pair of gloves
  • sharpie
  • knife
Instructions:When I say “practice”...
  1. Read the slide to collect the correct materials for this lab.
  2. Locate yourself at a table with ONE partner.
  3. Put on gloves and safety glasses.
  4. Wait for Ms. C to demonstrate the first injection.
  5. What questions do you have?

Hands-on Activity

Students will practice giving vaccinations using four different sites on an orange. The four sites are:

  • subcutaneous
  • intramuscular
  • intravenous
  • intradermal
The teacher will demonstrate each injection prior to the students doing them. Emphasize the importance of safety with students.Students should follow the procedure for giving a liquid shot that was gone over in lecture/notes, and mark each site of injection.As students complete each injection, browse around the room to check for understanding before moving on to the next injection demonstration.Once students have completed all four injections, they should cut their orange in half, to examine their injection sites. This will allow students to try to differentiate between the outcome of each injection site - evaluating how it worked and comparing that to how it might work in an animal.Students will have the opportunity to examine the injection sites of their table partner and discuss the type of injection that was used at each location.Students should clean up their workspace and discard the lab materials appropriately.


Summary (Reflection) - What did we learn and where are we going?Estimated Time:3-5 min
Thank you for cleaning up your lab stations quickly, let’s take some time to reflect on this activity. In your notes, answer the following questions with at least 2 sentences:
  1. How noticeable was the difference between the injection sites on the orange? What did you notice about their differences?
  2. Which injection site would result in the fastest release into an animal’s system? Why?
  3. Which type of injection do you believe is used most frequently? In animals? In people?
Turn to your elbow partner and share your answers to the first question. What did you discuss? (repeat this two more times for the remaining questions


Evaluation Based on the Learning Outcome Expressed in the Objective(s)
Evaluation via Review Quiz and students will be asked to identify the different types of injections on another student’s orange and reflect on the activity to check for understanding.