Rachael Haverstick, Todd Knol
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
High School
  • AP Statistics
  • Career Education and Work
  • Career Readiness
  • Career and College Readiness
  • College and Career
  • Statistcs and Probability
    Creative Commons Attribution

    Education Standards

    Quality Assurance

    Quality Assurance


    Middle and High School educators across Lebanon County, Pennsylvania developed lesson plans to integrate the Pennsylvania Career Education and Work Standards with the content they teach. This work was made possible through a partnership between the South Central PA Workforce Investment Board (SCPa Works) and Lancaster-Lebanon Intermediate Unit 13 (IU13) and was funded by a Teacher in the Workplace Grant Award from the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry. This lesson plan was developed by one of the talented educators who participated in this project during the 2019-2020 school year.

    Title of Lesson: Quality Assurance

    Course Name: AP Statistics        

    Grade Level: 11-12

    Author’s Name: Todd M. Knol        

    Author’s School District: Palmyra Area School District


    PA Academic Standards for Mathematics

    CC.2.4 Measurement, Data & Probability

    CC.2.4.HS.B.1 - Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable.

    • Assessment Anchor - A1.2.2
      • A1.  - Apply the concept of linear rate of change (slope) to solve problems    

    CC.2.4.HS.B.5 - Make inferences and justify conclusions based on sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies.                                                    

    PA Academic Standards for Career Education and Work

    13.1. Career Awareness and Preparation

    13.1.11.F. - Analyze the relationship between career choices and career preparation opportunities, such as, but not limited to:

    • Associate degree
    • Baccalaureate Degree
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Immediate part/full time employment
    • Industry training
    • Military training
    • Professional degree
    • Registered apprenticeship
    • Tech Prep
    • Vocational rehabilitation centers
    Learning Objectives
    • The student will identify job requirements for an entry level position in quality assurance; including training, certifications, skills, advancement
    • The student will complete a quality assurance task using concepts from AP Statistics class
    Conceptual Background
    Background information would include the following concepts from AP Statistics:
    • Collecting data / sampling
    • Calculating summary statistics
    • Displaying data - graphing
    • Constructing confidence intervals
    • Performing a test of significance
    Instructional Procedure
    PacingInstructional Procedure

    10 minutes

    30 minutes

    Teacher introduction

    Student research and report on jobs in Quality Assurance.  Complete Career Exploration Worksheet.  Explain the connection between this type of career and the content/concepts from AP Statistics.

    30 minutes + additional independent work timeStudent, with partner, analyze data file.  Students produce summary statistics and graphs of samples taken.  Students use statistics (Confidence Intervals, Test of Significance) to answer the question, “Are the bagels meeting the company specifications?”.  Students will then deliver a file of all work to the “director of quality assurance” (teacher).  Students will also need to write an email response to the Vice President of Operations answering his/her question - “Are the bagels meeting the company specifications?”
    Formative Assessment
    Each student will complete the Career Exploration Worksheet.Each student and partner team will hand in the file analyzing the data.
    • Summary Data is complete and accurate
    • Graphs of Data are complete and accurate
    • Statistics methods for inference are complete, according to AP standards, and accurate
    Each student and partner team will show the email to the Vice President of Operations
    • Email is professional in tone
    All work shows attention to detail, is neat and professional.
    Materials Needed
    250 Quality Control Baked LogCareer Exploration Form112