Corene Freeman
Elementary Education, English Language Arts
Material Type:
Lesson, Lesson Plan
Upper Primary
  • Procedures
  • Research
  • Writing
    Creative Commons Attribution

    Education Standards

    Procedural Writing

    Procedural Writing


    Students will complete a procedural writing project researching a topic of their choice. The students will use GSuite Tools to access and complete their drafts. The students will present their final procedural writing draft by creating an infographic in Canva displaying their work through text and images.

    Day 1:

    Information about the four read alouds:

    Plant, Cook, Eat! by Joe Archer and Caroline Craig--shows expository procedural writing with step by step directions on how to plant a vegetable followed by a recipe using that vegetable. Read pages 6-11, 14-15, and then skim over the rest of book.

    Mossby’s Magic Carpet Handbook by Ilona Bray--shows a narrative procedural writing example. Read the inside cover, page 1, and skim over the rest of book.

    How to Make Friends with a Ghost by Rebecca Green--shows a narrative procedural writing. Read the book in its entirety.

    How to Be a Scientist by Steve Mould--shows procedural writing as a scientific process. Read pages 4-7 and then show the various topics in the Table of Contents.

    We follow procedures every day whether we realize it or not. We go about our days in step by step ways and routines. In this lesson, we are going to research and share a procedure through writing. 

    What are some procedures or routines that you do each day? Discuss with your table partners.

    Brainstorm a list of procedures and/or routines that the class does each day from the student discussions. Write the list on the included Whole Class Procedural Writing Brainstorm Lists template under Procedures from Initial Class Discussions. 

    To help us get started, we are going to read and skim four books that show examples of procedural writing:

    Plant, Cook, Eat! by Joe Archer and Caroline Craig

    Mossby's Magic Carpet Handbook by Ilona Bray

    How to Make Friends with a Ghost by Rebecca Green

    How to Be a Scientist by Steve Mould

    After reading the books, you are probably thinking of even more procedures of which you could possibly write. Discuss with your table partners the new ideas you have.

    Have the students share the new ideas they brainstormed and record them on the Whole Class Procedural Writing Brainstorm Lists template under Procedures after Read Alouds.

    Day 2:

    We discussed procedures that we do every day, brainstormed lists of procedures, and examined four books that show procedures. Today, you are going to brainstorm your own lists of procedure topics that you feel you could share with others. We will make our lists and then use the databases Explora Primary, Gale In Context: Elementary (Kids InfoBits), and National Geographic Kids, and the search engines and KidRex to help us find reputable resources to reinforce our procedural writing. You will use the Procedural Writing Brainstorm List and Resources Google Doc to help you organize your thoughts. One topic goes in each space with the resources listed in the cells to the right.

    Day 3:

    You brainstormed your list of procedural writing topics and listed resources. Today you are going to decide which topic you would like to pursue and begin writing your first draft of your procedural writing using your resources. When writing your procedural writing, it is important that we use sequencing words such as first, next, then, and last to help show the order of the procedure. You will use the Procedural Writing Template to help you organize your writing. Remember to list your resources at the end of your organizer.

    Day 4:

    You are going to take your Procedural Writing Template and share it with your table partners. They are going to peer edit your work by adding comments to your work.

    Day 5:

    You are going to take your edited Procedural Writing Template and input your ideas into Canva. You will choose an Education Infographic template. You will then edit the template to fit your procedural writing topic and add graphics to illustrate each procedure step. You will be able to copy and paste your writing from your Procedural Writing Template into your Canva Infographic.