U.S. History, Cultural Geography
Material Type:
Case Study
Middle School
  • Cayuse
  • Fishing Rights
  • Indian Treaty
  • Native American
  • Native Treaty
  • Umatilla
    Creative Commons Attribution

    Education Standards

    Native American Treaty Geography v2

    Native American Treaty Geography v2


    The attached lesson and supporting essay are a revised draft of a week long activity conducted in the spring of 2022. This lesson was originally created as a follow on to the Smithsonians American Indian Education Boldt Decision lesson for a high school US History class. Here I have rewritten for an 8th grade class as I felt after having completed it that in both rigor and content it was a better fit for an 8th grade class as a means for connecting a process that took place over 150 years ago to a modern issue. It does align with high school geography standards and if its summative activity were modified would fit well under HS.53.

    How do you find a usual and accustomed place?

    Essential Question

    How do you find a usual and accustomed place?


    8.20 Identify and describe patterns and networks of economic interdependence, migration, settlement,

    cultural diffusion, and modern technological development. 


    "The right of taking fish, at all usual and accustomed grounds and stations, is further secured to said Indians in common with the citizens of the territory…together with the privilege of hunting, gathering roots and berries, and pasturing their horses on open and unclaimed lands." - Palmer/Stevens Treaty of 1855 with the Confederated Bands of the Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Umatilla.


    Summative Task

    Students will write/create a project/presentation/paper arguing for how disputes about what constitutes a usual and accustomed place should be resolved.