This task provides a construction of the angle bisector of an angle …

This task provides a construction of the angle bisector of an angle by reducing it to the bisection of an angle to finding the midpoint of a line segment. It is worth observing the symmetry -- for both finding midpoints and bisecting angles, the goal is to cut an object into two equal parts. The conclusion of this task is that they are, in a sense, of exactly equivalent difficulty -- bisecting a segment allows us to bisect and angle (part a) and, conversely, bisecting an angle allows us to bisect a segment (part b). In addition to seeing how these two constructions are related, the task also provides an opportunity for students to use two different triangle congruence criteria: SSS and SAS.

This task shows that the three perpendicular bisectors of the sides of …

This task shows that the three perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a triangle all meet in a point, using the characterization of the perpendicular bisector of a line segment as the set of points equidistant from the two ends of the segment. The point so constructed is called the circumcenter of the triangle.

This task is designed to give students insight into the effects of …

This task is designed to give students insight into the effects of translations, rotations, and reflections on geometric figures in the context of showing that two figures are congruent.

Students' first experience with transformations is likely to be with specific shapes …

Students' first experience with transformations is likely to be with specific shapes like triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, and figures with symmetry. Exhibiting a sequence of transformations that shows that two generic line segments of the same length are congruent is a good way for students to begin thinking about transformations in greater generality.

This task has two goals: first to develop student understanding of rigid …

This task has two goals: first to develop student understanding of rigid motions in the context of demonstrating congruence. Secondly, student knowledge of reflections is refined by considering the notion of orientation in part (b).

The construction of the perpendicular bisector of a line segment is one …

The construction of the perpendicular bisector of a line segment is one of the most common in plane geometry and it is undertaken here. In addition to giving students a chance to work with straightedge and compass, the problem uses triangle congruence both to show that the constructed line is perpendicular to AB and to show that it bisects AB.

This task "Uses facts about supplementary, complementary, vertical, and adjacent angles in …

This task "Uses facts about supplementary, complementary, vertical, and adjacent angles in a multi-step problem to write and solve simple equations for an unknown angle in a figure (7.G.5)" except that it requires students to know, in addition, something about parallel lines, which students will not see until 8th grade.

Module 1 embodies critical changes in Geometry as outlined by the Common …

Module 1 embodies critical changes in Geometry as outlined by the Common Core. The heart of the module is the study of transformations and the role transformations play in defining congruence. The topic of transformations is introduced in a primarily experiential manner in Grade 8 and is formalized in Grade 10 with the use of precise language. The need for clear use of language is emphasized through vocabulary, the process of writing steps to perform constructions, and ultimately as part of the proof-writing process.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

Just as rigid motions are used to define congruence in Module 1, …

Just as rigid motions are used to define congruence in Module 1, so dilations are added to define similarity in Module 2. To be able to discuss similarity, students must first have a clear understanding of how dilations behave. This is done in two parts, by studying how dilations yield scale drawings and reasoning why the properties of dilations must be true. Once dilations are clearly established, similarity transformations are defined and length and angle relationships are examined, yielding triangle similarity criteria. An in-depth look at similarity within right triangles follows, and finally the module ends with a study of right triangle trigonometry.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

This module brings together the ideas of similarity and congruence and the …

This module brings together the ideas of similarity and congruence and the properties of length, area, and geometric constructions studied throughout the year. It also includes the specific properties of triangles, special quadrilaterals, parallel lines and transversals, and rigid motions established and built upon throughout this mathematical story. This module's focus is on the possible geometric relationships between a pair of intersecting lines and a circle drawn on the page.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

In this module, students learn about translations, reflections, and rotations in the …

In this module, students learn about translations, reflections, and rotations in the plane and, more importantly, how to use them to precisely define the concept of congruence. Throughout Topic A, on the definitions and properties of the basic rigid motions, students verify experimentally their basic properties and, when feasible, deepen their understanding of these properties using reasoning. All the lessons of Topic B demonstrate to students the ability to sequence various combinations of rigid motions while maintaining the basic properties of individual rigid motions. Students learn that congruence is just a sequence of basic rigid motions in Topic C, and Topic D begins the learning of Pythagorean Theorem.

Find the rest of the EngageNY Mathematics resources at https://archive.org/details/engageny-mathematics.

This task shows how to inscribe a circle in a triangle using …

This task shows how to inscribe a circle in a triangle using angle bisectors. A companion task, ``Inscribing a circle in a triangle II'' stresses the auxiliary remarkable fact that comes out of this task, namely that the three angle bisectors of triangle ABC all meet in the point O.

This task is primarily for instructive purposes but can be used for …

This task is primarily for instructive purposes but can be used for assessment as well. Parts (a) and (b) are good applications of geometric constructions using a compass and could be used for assessment purposes but the process is a bit long since there are six triangles which need to be constructed.

This problem introduces the circumcenter of a triangle and shows how it …

This problem introduces the circumcenter of a triangle and shows how it can be used to inscribe the triangle in a circle. It also shows that there cannot be more than one circumcenter.

This task focuses on a remarkable fact which comes out of the …

This task focuses on a remarkable fact which comes out of the construction of the inscribed circle in a triangle: the angle bisectors of the three angles of triangle ABC all meet in a point.

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