Four full-year digital course, built from the ground up and fully-aligned to …

Four full-year digital course, built from the ground up and fully-aligned to the Common Core State Standards, for 7th grade Mathematics. Created using research-based approaches to teaching and learning, the Open Access Common Core Course for Mathematics is designed with student-centered learning in mind, including activities for students to develop valuable 21st century skills and academic mindset.

Putting Math to Work Type of Unit: Problem Solving Prior Knowledge Students …

Putting Math to Work

Type of Unit: Problem Solving

Prior Knowledge

Students should be able to:

Solve problems involving all four operations with rational numbers. Write ratios and rates. Write and solve proportions. Solve problems involving scale. Write and solve equations to represent problem situations. Create and interpret maps, graphs, and diagrams. Use multiple representations (i.e., tables, graphs, and equations) to represent problem situations. Calculate area and volume. Solve problems involving linear measurement.

Lesson Flow

Students apply and integrate math concepts they have previously learned to solve mathematical and real-world problems using a variety of strategies. Students have opportunities to explore four real-world situations involving problem solving in a variety of contexts, complete a project of their choice, and work through a series of Gallery problems.

First, students utilize their spatial reasoning and visualization skills to find the least number of cubes needed to construct a structure when given the front and side views. Then, students select a project to complete as they work through this unit to refine their problem-solving skills. Students explore the relationship between flapping frequency, amplitude, and cruising speed to calculate the Strouhal number of a variety of flying and swimming animals. After that, students explore the volume of the Great Lakes, applying strategies for solving volume problems and analyzing diagrams. Next, students graphically represent a virtual journey through the locks of the Welland Canal, estimating the amount of drop through each lock and the distance traveled. Students have a day in class to work on their projects with their group.

Then, students have two days to explore Gallery problems of their choosing. Finally, students present their projects to the class.

Students create a bar graph showing the Strouhal numbers for a variety …

Students create a bar graph showing the Strouhal numbers for a variety of birds and bats and use their graph and other data to compare the Strouhal numbers of the different animals to analyze variation and to make predictions.Key ConceptsStudents are expected to use the mathematical skills they have acquired in previous lessons or in previous math courses. The lessons in this unit focus on developing and refining problem-solving skills. Students will:Try a variety of strategies to approaching different types of problems.Devise a problem-solving plan and implement their plan systematically.Become aware that problems can be solved in more than one way.See the value of approaching problems in a systematic manner.Communicate their approaches with precision and articulate why their strategies and solutions are reasonable.Make connections between previous learning and real-world problems.Create efficacy and confidence in solving challenging problems in a real-world setting.Goals and Learning ObjectivesAnalyze the relationship among the variables in an equation.Write formulas to show how variables relate.Calculate ranges of Strouhal numbers and use these ranges to make predictions.Communicate findings using multiple representations including tables, charts, graphs, and equations.Create bar graphs.

How much water is in the Great Lakes? Students read and interpret …

How much water is in the Great Lakes? Students read and interpret a diagram that shows physical features of the Great Lakes and answer questions based on the diagram. They find the volume of each of the Great Lakes, as well as all five lakes combined, and make a bar graph to represent the volumes.Key ConceptsStudents are expected to use the mathematical skills they have acquired in previous lessons or in previous math courses. The lessons in this unit focus on developing and refining problem-solving skills.Students will:Try a variety of strategies to approaching different types of problems.Devise a problem-solving plan and implement their plan systematically.Become aware that problems can be solved in more than one way.See the value of approaching problems in a systematic manner.Communicate their approaches with precision and articulate why their strategies and solutions are reasonable.Make connections between previous learning and real-world problems.Create efficacy and confidence in solving challenging problems in a real-world setting.Goals and Learning ObjectivesRead and interpret graphs and diagrams.Solve problems involving volume.

Students first create a diagram that represents the distance a ship drops …

Students first create a diagram that represents the distance a ship drops in each of a series of locks. Students create their diagrams based on a video of an actual ship traveling through the locks. Students need to use contextual clues in order to determine the relative drops in each of the locks.Key ConceptsStudents are expected to use the mathematical skills they have acquired in previous lessons or in previous math courses. The lessons in this unit focus on developing and refining problem-solving skills.Students will:Try a variety of strategies to approaching different types of problems.Devise a problem-solving plan and implement their plan systematically.Become aware that problems can be solved in more than one way.See the value of approaching problems in a systematic manner.Communicate their approaches with precision and articulate why their strategies and solutions are reasonable.Make connections between previous learning and real-world problems.Create efficacy and confidence in solving challenging problems in a real-world setting.Goals and Learning ObjectivesRead and interpret maps, graphs, and diagrams.Solve problems that involve linear measurement.Estimate length.Critique a diagram.

Students critique the diagrams of other students from the previous lesson and …

Students critique the diagrams of other students from the previous lesson and receive feedback about their own diagrams. Students revise their diagrams from the first part of the lesson based on the feedback they receive.Key ConceptsStudents are expected to use the mathematical skills they have acquired in previous lessons or in previous math courses. The lessons in this unit focus on developing and refining problem-solving skills. Students will:Try a variety of strategies to approaching different types of problems.Devise a problem-solving plan and implement their plan systematically.Become aware that problems can be solved in more than one way.See the value of approaching problems in a systematic manner.Communicate their approaches with precision and articulate why their strategies and solutions are reasonable.Make connections between previous learning and real-world problems.Create efficacy and confidence in solving challenging problems in a real-world setting.Goals and Learning ObjectivesRead and interpret maps, graphs, and diagrams.Solve problems that involve linear measurement.Estimate length.Critique a diagram.SWD: Some students with disabilities will benefit from a preview of the goals in each lesson. Students can highlight the critical features and/or concepts and will help them to pay close attention to salient information. Students need to know their goal is to develop and refine their problem solving skills.

Students are presented with a front view and a side view of …

Students are presented with a front view and a side view of a cube structure. They use spatial reasoning to picture what the entire structure looks like and to determine the least number of cubes they would need to build the structure.Key ConceptsStudents are expected to use the mathematical skills they have acquired in previous lessons or in previous math courses. The lessons in this unit focus on developing and refining problem-solving skills. Students will:Try a variety of strategies to approaching different types of problems.Devise a problem-solving plan and implement their plan systematically.Become aware that problems can be solved in more than one way.See the value of approaching problems in a systematic manner.Communicate their approaches with precision and articulate why their strategies and solutions are reasonable.Make connections between previous learning and real-world problems.Create efficacy and confidence in solving challenging problems in a real-world setting.Goals and Learning ObjectivesVisualize three-dimensional spaces.Solve problems that require spatial reasoning.Design and implement a problem-solving plan.Articulate strategies, thought processes, and approaches to solving a problem and defend why the solution is reasonable.

Zooming In On Figures Unit Overview Type of Unit: Concept; Project Length …

Zooming In On Figures

Unit Overview

Type of Unit: Concept; Project

Length of Unit: 18 days and 5 days for project

Prior Knowledge

Students should be able to:

Find the area of triangles and special quadrilaterals. Use nets composed of triangles and rectangles in order to find the surface area of solids. Find the volume of right rectangular prisms. Solve proportions.

Lesson Flow

After an initial exploratory lesson that gets students thinking in general about geometry and its application in real-world contexts, the unit is divided into two concept development sections: the first focuses on two-dimensional (2-D) figures and measures, and the second looks at three-dimensional (3-D) figures and measures. The first set of conceptual lessons looks at 2-D figures and area and length calculations. Students explore finding the area of polygons by deconstructing them into known figures. This exploration will lead to looking at regular polygons and deriving a general formula. The general formula for polygons leads to the formula for the area of a circle. Students will also investigate the ratio of circumference to diameter ( pi ). All of this will be applied toward looking at scale and the way that length and area are affected. All the lessons noted above will feature examples of real-world contexts. The second set of conceptual development lessons focuses on 3-D figures and surface area and volume calculations. Students will revisit nets to arrive at a general formula for finding the surface area of any right prism. Students will extend their knowledge of area of polygons to surface area calculations as well as a general formula for the volume of any right prism. Students will explore the 3-D surface that results from a plane slicing through a rectangular prism or pyramid. Students will also explore 3-D figures composed of cubes, finding the surface area and volume by looking at 3-D views. The unit ends with a unit examination and project presentations.

Students discover the formula for finding the volume of a pyramid and …

Students discover the formula for finding the volume of a pyramid and apply the formula to solve problems.Key ConceptsThe volume of a pyramid is one-third the volume of a prism with the same base and height. The shape of the base does not matter (including if it’s a circle), and students will see the same one-third comparison between a cylinder and cone.GoalsUnderstand the formula for the volume of a pyramid.Apply the volume formula to solve problems.

Lesson OverviewStudents will compare the formula for the area of a regular …

Lesson OverviewStudents will compare the formula for the area of a regular polygon to discover the formula for the area of a circle.Key ConceptsThe area of a regular polygon can be found by multiplying the apothem by half of the perimeter. If a circle is thought of as a regular polygon with many sides, the formula can be applied.For a circle, the apothem is the radius, and p is C.A=a(p2)→A=rC2→A=rπd2→A=rπ2r2→A=rπr=πr2 GoalsDerive the formula for the area of a circle.Apply the formula to find the area of circles.SWD: Consider the prerequisite skills for this lesson: understanding and applying the formula for the area of a regular polygon. Students with disabilities may need direct instruction and guided practice with this skill.Students should understand these domain-specific terms:apothemparallelogramderivationheightapproximate (estimate)scatter plotpiperimetercircumferenceIt may be helpful to preteach these terms to students with disabilities.

Students will complete the first part of their project, deciding on two …

Students will complete the first part of their project, deciding on two right prisms for their models of buildings with polygon bases. They will draw two polygon bases on grid paper and find the areas of the bases.Key ConceptsProjects engage students in the application of mathematics. It is important for students to apply mathematical ways of thinking to solve rich problems. Students are more motivated to understand mathematical concepts if they are engaged in solving a problem of their own choosing.In this lesson, students are challenged to identify an interesting mathematical problem and choose a partner or a group to work collaboratively on solving that problem. Students gain valuable skills in problem solving, reasoning, and communicating mathematical ideas with others.GoalsSelect a project shape.Identify a project idea.Identify a partner or group to work collaboratively with on a math project.SWD: Consider how to group students skills-wise for the project. You may decide to group students heterogeneously to promote peer modeling for struggling students. Or you can group students by similar skill levels to allow for additional support and/or guided practice with the teacher. Or you may decide to create intentional partnerships between strong students and struggling students to promote leadership and peer instruction within the classroom.ELL: In forming groups, be aware of your ELLs and ensure that they have a learning environment where they can be productive. Sometimes, this means pairing them up with English speakers, so they can learn from others’ language skills. Other times, it means pairing them up with students who are at the same level of language skill, so they can take a more active role and work things out together. Other times, it means pairing them up with students whose proficiency level is lower, so they play the role of the supporter. They can also be paired based on their math proficiency, not just their language proficiency.

Students will extend their knowledge of volume to find the volume of …

Students will extend their knowledge of volume to find the volume of right prisms, seeing that the volume is the area of the base multiplied by the height.Key ConceptsVolume is measured in cubic units. The area of the base of a prism indicates how many cubic units are in the first unit “layer” of the prism. Multiplying by height gives the number of layers, and therefore the volume.GoalsFind the volume of right prisms.SWD: Some students with disabilities may have difficulty connecting newly introduced information with previously learned concepts. Consider ways to help students with disabilities to make connections between what they have learned in previous lessons about volume and right prisms and finding the volume of right prisms.Consider the prerequisite skills for this lesson. Students with disabilities may need direct instruction and guided practice with the skills, measurement, and concepts needed for this lesson.Students should understand these domain-specific terms:volumeright (domain-specific)prismcubicIt may be helpful to preteach these terms to students with disabilities.ELL: As new vocabulary is introduced, be sure to repeat it several times and allow students to repeat after you as needed. Write the new words as they are introduced, and allow enough time for ELLs to check their dictionaries or briefly consult with another student who shares the same primary language if they wish.

Students will continue to explore surface area, looking at more complex solids …

Students will continue to explore surface area, looking at more complex solids made up of cubes. Students will look at the 2-D views of these solids to see all of the surfaces and to find a shorter method to calculate the surface area.Key ConceptsThe 2-D views of 3-D figures (front top and side) show all of the surfaces of the figure (the area of the three views is doubled or the back, bottom, and other side) and so can be used to calculate surface area. The only exception is when surfaces are hidden or blocked and must be accounted for.GoalsExplore the relationship between 2-D views of figures and their surface area.Find the surface area of different solids.

Students find the area of regular polygons, recalling what they already know …

Students find the area of regular polygons, recalling what they already know about the area of geometric shapes and generalizing a formula for any regular polygon.Key ConceptsStudents will recall what they already know about the area of geometric shapes and apply that to find the area of regular polygons. Any regular polygon can be divided into congruent isosceles triangles. If the length from the center to the midpoint of a side (the apothem) is known, the area of the triangles and the area of the polygon can be found. Students will see the similarities between the area of a polygon and derive the formula for the area of a circle.GoalsReview area of triangles, rectangles, and parallelograms.Find the area of regular polygons.Generalize an area formula for any regular polygon.ELL: This lesson offers students a rich opportunity to learn academic vocabulary. Display the new terms in writing somewhere visible in the classroom so that you can refer to them. Allow ELLs to use their bilingual dictionaries to help with understanding the terms. When possible, have ELLs discuss the terms in their language of choice with other ELLs who share the same primary language.

Lesson OverviewStudent groups make their presentations, provide feedback on other students’ presentations, …

Lesson OverviewStudent groups make their presentations, provide feedback on other students’ presentations, and get evaluated on their listening skills.Key ConceptsIn this culminating event, students present their project plan and solution to the class. The presentation allows students to explain their problem-solving plan, communicate their reasoning, and construct a viable argument about a mathematical problem.Students also listen to other project presentations and provide feedback to the presenters. Listeners have the opportunity to critique the mathematical reasoning of others.GoalsPresent project to the class.Give feedback on other project presentations.Exhibit good listening skills.Reflect on the problem-solving process.

Students will critique their work from the Self Check in the previous …

Students will critique their work from the Self Check in the previous lesson and redo the task after receiving feedback. Students will then take a quiz to review the goals of the unit.Key ConceptsStudents understand how to find the surface area (using nets) and volume of rectangular prisms. They have extended that knowledge to all right prisms and were able to generalize rules for both measurements. Students also found the surface area (and volume) of figures made up of cubes by looking at the 2-D views.GoalsCritique and revise student work.Apply skills learned in the unit.Understand 3-D measurements:Surface area and volume of right prismsArea and circumference of circlesSurface area and volume of figures composed of cubesSWD: Consider the prerequisite skills for this Putting it Together lesson. Students with disabilities may need direct instruction and/or guided practice with the skills needed to complete the tasks in this lesson. It may be helpful to pull individual students or a small group for direct instruction or guided practice with the skills they have learned thus far in this unit. While students have had multiple exposures to the domain-specific terms, students with disabilities will benefit from repetition and review of these terms. As students move through the lesson, check to ensure they understand the meaning of included domain-specific vocabulary. Use every opportunity to review and reinforce the meaning of domain-specific terms to promote comprehension and recall.

Students will extend their knowledge of surface area and nets of rectangular …

Students will extend their knowledge of surface area and nets of rectangular prisms to generalize a formula for the surface area of any prism.Key ConceptsStudents know how to find the surface area of a rectangular prism using a net and adding the areas for pairs of congruent faces. Students have not seen that the lateral surface forms one long rectangle whose length is the perimeter of the base and whose width is the height of the prism.Using this idea, the surface area of any right prism can be found using the formula:SA = 2B + (perimeter of the base)hGoalsFind a general formula for surface area of prisms.Find the surface area of different prisms.SWD: Generalization of skills can be particularly challenging for some students with disabilities. Students may need direct instruction on the connection between what they already understand and a general formula.Some students with disabilities may have difficulty recalling formulas when it comes time to apply them. Once students discover the formula SA = 2B + (perimeter of the base)h, consider posting the formula in the classroom and encouraging students to add the formula(s) to the resources they have available when completing classwork and homework.

Students will join the buildings together to form a city with streets …

Students will join the buildings together to form a city with streets and sidewalks running between the buildings. Student groups will make their presentations, provide feedback to other students’ presentations, and get evaluated on their listening skills.Key ConceptsIn this culminating event, students present their project plan and solution to the class. The presentation allows students to explain their problem-solving plan, communicate their reasoning, and construct a viable argument about a mathematical problem.Students also listen to other project presentations and provide feedback to the presenters. Listeners have the opportunity to critique the mathematical reasoning of others.GoalsPresent projects and demonstrate understanding of the unit concepts.Clarify any misconceptions or difficult areas from the Final Assessment.Give feedback on other project presentations.Exhibit good listening skills.Review the concepts from the unit.

Lesson OverviewStudents will work on the final portion of their project which …

Lesson OverviewStudents will work on the final portion of their project which includes creating the nets for the sides, making a slice in one of their buildings, and putting their buildings together. Once their two model buildings are complete, they will find the surface area and volume for their models and the full-size buildings their models represent.Key ConceptsThe second part of the project is essentially a review of the second half of the unit, while still using scale drawings. Students will find the surface area of a prism as well as the surface area of a truncated prism. The second prism will require estimating and problem solving to figure out the net and find the surface area. Students will also be drawing the figure using scale to find actual surface area.GoalsRedraw a scale drawing at a different scale.Find measurements using a scale drawing.Find the surface area of a prism.SWD: Students with disabilities may have a more challenging time identifying areas of improvement to target in their projects. It may be helpful to model explicitly for students (using an example project or student sample) how to review a project using the rubric to assess and plan for revisions based on that assessment.Students with fine motor difficulties may require grid paper with a larger scale. Whenever motor tasks are required, consider adaptive tools or supplementary materials that may benefit students with disabilities.Students with disabilities may struggle to recall prerequisite skills as they move through the project. It may be necessary to check in with students to review and reinforce estimation skills.

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students …

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students are able to: Interpret a situation and represent the variables mathematically; select appropriate mathematical methods to use; explore the effects on the area of a rectangle of systematically varying the dimensions whilst keeping the perimeter constant; interpret and evaluate the data generated and identify the optimum case; and communicate their reasoning clearly.

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