Students watch a video in which a double number line is used …

Students watch a video in which a double number line is used to solve a problem about getting the right amount of protein mix. Using the double number line is an example of modeling with mathematics, which is Mathematical Practice 4.Key ConceptsA double number line shows corresponding values for two variable quantities with a constant ratio between them. Each pair of tick marks that go together shows a ratio equivalent to all of the other ratios between corresponding tick marks.Goals and Learning ObjectivesWatch an example of students using mathematics to model a relationship between quantities (MP4).Use a double number line to solve a problem.Use a double number line to deepen understanding of equivalence in the context of a relationship between quantities with a constant ratio.SWD: Some students with disabilities will benefit from a preview of the goals in each lesson. Students can highlight the critical features and/or concepts and will help them to pay close attention to salient information.

Students use double number lines to model relationships and to solve ratio …

Students use double number lines to model relationships and to solve ratio problems.Key ConceptsDouble number line diagrams are useful for visualizing ratio relationships between two quantities. They are best used when the quantities have different units. (The unit rate appears paired with 1.) Double number line diagrams help students more easily “see” that there are many equivalent forms of the same ratio.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUnderstand double number line diagrams as a way to visually compare two quantities.Use double number line diagrams to solve ratio problems.

Students work with a set of cards showing different ways of expressing …

Students work with a set of cards showing different ways of expressing ratios numerically. They group the cards showing equivalent ratios and then order the groups from least to greatest value.Key ConceptsIt can be hard to compare the values of ratios represented in different forms (e.g., a:b, decimal, fraction, a to b). Simplifying ratios makes it easier to compare and order their values.Goals and Learning ObjectivesIdentify ratios that are equivalent but expressed differently.Simplify ratios in order to group and order cards efficiently and successfully.

This lesson introduces the concept of a glide ratio and encourages students …

This lesson introduces the concept of a glide ratio and encourages students to use appropriate tools strategically (Mathematical Practice 5). Students use tape diagrams, double number lines, ratio tables, graphs, and equations to represent glide ratios.Key ConceptsA glide ratio for an object or an organism in flight is the ratio of forward distance to vertical distance (in the absence of power and wind). For a given object or organism that glides, this ratio has a constant value and is treated as a feature of the object or organism.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUnderstand the concept of a glide ratio.Make connections within and between different ways of representing ratios.

Students focus on interpreting, creating, and using ratio tables to solve problems. …

Students focus on interpreting, creating, and using ratio tables to solve problems. They also relate ratio tables to graphs as two ways of representing a relationship between quantities.Key ConceptsRatio tables and graphs are two ways of representing relationships between variable quantities. The values shown in a ratio table give possible pairs of values for the quantities represented and define ordered pairs of coordinates of points on the graph representing the relationship. The additive and multiplicative structure of each representation can be connected, as shown: Goals and Learning ObjectivesComplete ratio tables.Use ratio tables to compare ratios and solve problems.Plot values from a ratio table on a graph.Understand the connection between the structure of ratio tables and graphs.

Students use tape diagrams to model relationships and solve problems about types …

Students use tape diagrams to model relationships and solve problems about types of DVDs.Key ConceptsTape diagrams are useful for visualizing ratio relationships between two (or more) quantities that have the same units. They can be used to highlight the multiplicative relationship between the quantities.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUnderstand tape diagrams as a way to visually compare two or more quantities.Use tape diagrams to solve ratio problems.

Students focus on interpreting, creating, and using ratio tables to solve problems.Key …

Students focus on interpreting, creating, and using ratio tables to solve problems.Key ConceptsA ratio table shows pairs of corresponding values, with an equivalent ratio between each pair. Ratio tables have both an additive and a multiplicative structure:Goals and Learning ObjectivesComplete ratio tables.Use ratio tables to solve problems.

This lesson unit is intended to help sixth grade teachers assess how …

This lesson unit is intended to help sixth grade teachers assess how well students are able to: Analyze a realistic situation mathematically; construct sight lines to decide which areas of a room are visible or hidden from a camera; find and compare areas of triangles and quadrilaterals; and calculate and compare percentages and/or fractions of areas.

Learn about the dynamic relationships between a jet engine's heat loss, surface …

Learn about the dynamic relationships between a jet engine's heat loss, surface area, and volume in this video adapted from Annenberg Learner's Learning Math: Patterns, Functions, and Algebra.

In this lesson designed to enhance literacy skills, students learn how to …

In this lesson designed to enhance literacy skills, students learn how to use fractions to interpret the nutritional information contained on food labels.

In some textbooks, a distinction is made between a ratio, which is …

In some textbooks, a distinction is made between a ratio, which is assumed to have a common unit for both quantities, and a rate, which is defined to be a quotient of two quantities with different units (e.g. a ratio of the number of miles to the number of hours). No such distinction is made in the common core and hence, the two quantities in a ratio may or may not have a common unit. However, when there is a common unit, as in this problem, it is possible to add the two quantities and then find the ratio of each quantity with respect to the whole (often described as a part-whole relationship).

This lesson unit is intended to help teachers assess how well students …

This lesson unit is intended to help teachers assess how well students are able to solve a real-world modeling problem. There are several correct approaches to the problem, including some that involve proportional relationships.

This is the first and most basic problem in a series of …

This is the first and most basic problem in a series of seven problems, all set in the context of a classroom election. Every problem requires students to understand what ratios are and apply them in a context. The problems build in complexity and can be used to highlight the multiple ways that one can reason about a context involving ratios.

This is the second in a series of tasks that are set …

This is the second in a series of tasks that are set in the context of a classroom election. It requires students to understand what ratios are and apply them in a context. The simple version of this question just asked how many votes each gets. This has the extra step of asking for the difference between the votes.

This problem, the third in a series of tasks set in the …

This problem, the third in a series of tasks set in the context of a class election, is more than just a problem of computing the number of votes each person receives. In fact, that isnŐt enough information to solve the problem. One must know how many votes it takes to make one half of the total number of votes. Although the numbers are easy to work with, there are enough steps and enough things to keep track of to lift the problem above routine.

This is the fourth in a series of tasks about ratios set …

This is the fourth in a series of tasks about ratios set in the context of a classroom election. What makes this problem interesting is that the number of voters is not given. This information isnŐt necessary, but at first glance some students may believe it is.

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