Tracy Rains
Elementary Education, Reading Foundation Skills
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Upper Primary
4, 5
Wyoming Department of Education
  • Communication
  • English Language Arts
  • Figurative Language
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Wyoming Department of Education
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Interactive, Text/HTML, Video

    Education Standards

    Figurative Language: Hyperbole/Exaggeration/Adage/Proverb

    Figurative Language: Hyperbole/Exaggeration/Adage/Proverb


    During this seminar you will be exposed to the last of the figurative language types (hyperbole,  exaggeration, adage and proverb).  This seminar is unique because depending where you research will affect how you perceive them.  Some sites express them as different;  hyperboles vs. exaggerations  and adages vs. proverbs.  On the other hand, some websites view them as one and the same.  A hyperbole is a type of exaggeration and an adage is a type of proverb.  Regardless of how you view them, the most important piece of this seminar is to be able to interpret their meanings when used in texts, songs, movies, life experiences, etc.



    CC.1.2.5.F  Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, including interpretation of figurative language.


    Introductory warm-up activity.

    You will review a tall tale.   Do you notice any types of figurative language you learned in past seminars?  What is evident in this tall tale that was not evident in other texts we looked at?


    Read or watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.




    Read the link to help you understand  hyperboles/exaggerations.

    Important:  A hyperbole is a basic exaggeration made into a more outlandish statement, putting more emphasis on what is being said. A hyperbole is an exaggeration that CANNOT happen.

    Read the link to help you determine how adage and proverb can slightly differ.  However, most people view them as one and the same.

    Extra “Read” links

    Hyperbole - Read the following link to better understand hyperboles.  Important:  Adage and Proverb link for additional explanation.

    Watch this video of music and movie clips which use hyperboles (exaggerations which exaggerate so much they could not really occur).

    Extra “Watch” Activity

    Click on the screencast to practice the meanings of adages/ proverbs.

    Click here for for more adages and proverbs, along with a brief history of them.

    Adages and Proverbs “Do”

    Click here to determine meanings of different adages and proverbs.  Answer key is provided.

    Exaggeration to Hyperbole  “Do”

    Click here to design your own hyperboles when given basic phrases.  Answer key is provided.


    Extra “Hyperbole” Do

    Practice sheet with key



    Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

    The activity below will give you a chance to build on one another’s thoughts in order to show your understanding of exaggerations and hyperboles; moving from a basic exaggeration to making it more hyperbolic.

    Play Hyperbole Brag Battle

    (Attributed to

    This game will be guided by a facilitator either through online discussions, paper/pencil, and/or verbally.  However, this activity can be done independently as well.  See directions below.

    This game involves taking a claim and making it increasingly hyperbolic. Blagging is the act of convincing someone to do something, or to believe something, even when the truth is there's little reason for them to do so.

    To play this game:

    1. Find a partner

    2. You and your partner will be given a simple claim to make, such as, 'You're a better swordsman than your partner.' The partners must go back and forth, making each of their claims to be the better swordsman increasingly outlandish.

    3. After a few rounds, one might say, “ I’m so better than you, you are not even close.” The other might reply, “I am such a better swordsman, I could defeat you with a toothpick.”

    4. The rounds can be timed for competitive purposes.

    Here are some basic claims your facilitator may start with.

    • My mom knows everything about computers.

    • This math lesson is taking forever.

    • I've listened to this song a million times.

    • Can you wait a second please?

    • My teacher gave me a ton of homework today.

    • I have a list as long as my arm.

    *Note:  If you are completing this activity independently, simply choose a claim of interest and complete the “Round” Chart of  claims.


    Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

    Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.


    This is a task or project where you can show what you know.


    Real-life Connection Activity - Five Parts (I, II, III, IV, and V)

    Part I- Create a title slide with your name on it.

    Part II - Adage/Proverb Definition Slide

    Part III - Choose three adages/proverbs from the list of cards on this link (attributed by boggle).  

    Then, on Google Slides create a slideshare including:

    • Two slides per adage/proverb (total of 6 slides)

    • First slide must include the adage/proverb, its meaning, and an image to accompany it.  The second slide  should contain a  short summary of how the adage/proverb has applied or connected to your life (personal experience, a movie or book you have watched or read, a friend experience, etc.).

    Part IV - Hyperbole/Exaggeration Definition Slide

    Part V -  Research and/or use three examples of basic exaggerations you heard or saw in this seminar which relate to your life in some way.

    Then, as a continuation on Google Slides:

    • One slide per exaggeration/hyperbole (total of 3 slides)

    • Each slide must contain a basic exaggeration sentence.  Then, formulate the sentence to a more hyperbolic sentence , and then an even more hyperbolic sentence (basic, hyperbolic, and more hyperbolic -3 phases).  Each “phase” sentence must include an image to accompany it, showing how the original/basic exaggeration becomes more and more outlandish.


    Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.

    After completing the real-life connection slideshare in the “Elaborate” section, explain how these common figurative language types have brought more meaning to your life experiences and to simply any text, song, poem, etc. you will experience in the future.