Tracy Rains
Elementary Education, Reading Foundation Skills
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Upper Primary
4, 5
Wyoming Department of Education
  • Communication
  • English Language Arts
  • Figurative Language
  • Wyoming Department of Education
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Interactive, Text/HTML, Video

    Education Standards

    Similes, Metaphors, and Personification

    Similes, Metaphors, and Personification


    This seminar will introduce three of eight types of figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification).  Through song lyrics, poems, videos, interactive activities, and collaboration, you will learn to recognize, determine meanings, and identify comparisons within similes, metaphors, and personification examples.


    CC.1.2.5.F  Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, including interpretation of figurative language.


    Introductory warm-up activity.

    Do you realize if you sang a song along with the radio on your way to school, you probably already used several forms of figurative language today?  Listen to the songs in this link.  Can you identify specific types of figurative language?  Do you hear any comparisons?  Why do you suppose song artists use figurative language in their lyrics?  “Turn and Talk” with a partner or small group and discuss these questions.


    Read or watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.




    Expose yourself to the common figurative language meanings and how artists and poets have used similes, metaphors, and personification in their work to express their thoughts.  View this slide presentation  incorporating song lyric phrases and poem lines.  Read through the slides at your own pace to learn more.

    The following link reviews the definitions of simile, metaphor, and personification.  Within the video, real-life examples are given as well.

    Watch and Learn!

    Complete this interactive activity to help you better understand similes, metaphors, and personification.

    Explore More

    • Revisit the definitions and examples of simile, metaphor, and personification.  The poem link provides a variety of poems which use these types of figurative language.  Choose at least five poems of interest and read them, keeping in mind why the author chose to use figurative language in their work.

    • Song Lyrics - Enjoy watching and listening to the song lyrics in this video.  Identify the figurative language types you see and hear in the lyrics.  You may want to make a chart on scratch paper to keep track of how many similes, metaphors, and personification examples you see and hear.

    • Poems - Watch this slideshare presentation It will help you identify the difference between simile, metaphor, and personification.  In addition, the slideshare will allow you to see these types used in context, mainly in poems.

    • Jeopardy Game for practice

    Online practice sheets reviewing similes, metaphors, and personification.  You may choose any two sheets to complete.  However, be sure you practice all three types.


    Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.


    Your facilitator will present song lyrics and/or poems.  Afterwards, collaborate with your peers about the figurative language you heard and saw in the examples. Why do you think the author or song artist chose to use those figurative language pieces?  


    Now it is time to self check how much you have learned similes, metaphors and personification.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

    Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.


    This is a task or project where you can show what you know.


    Complete one activity below.  Be sure to look over the requirements carefully.

    Types of Activities:

    • Figurative Language Image Activity - On a Google Doc or Google Drawing, create a chart  with four  headings across the top:  Image, Simile, Metaphor, and Personification.  Then, import at least nine images of interest:  three images representing each type of figurative language (simile, metaphor, and personification. Use Pixabay: Free Images, Wikipedia, or Public Domain Pictures - Free Stock Photos to locate your images.  Next,  write your own creative figurative language sentences under the appropriate heading for each image.  You should have three simile sentences, three metaphor sentences, and three personification sentences.  Be sure your text accompanies the images you have selected.

    • Choose Your Favorite Songs - Do you have a favorite song or song artist?  This is your chance to focus in on the song lyrics of your favorite tunes!  You will locate and analyze the lyrics of several songs you enjoy.  Once you find some lyrics containing the common figurative language types, you will identify the type and why you feel the song artist chose to use it.  You will need to locate at least three of each type once again.  Therefore, you will need song lyrics to more than one song in order to meet the requirements.  Copy and paste the song title, artist,  and song lyrics onto a Google Doc.  Then, highlight the figurative language examples in yellow and add comments on the right hand side explaining why you feel the song writer included them in his/her song.  Important -Be sure to give attribution or credit for the lyrics you use on your documents.

    Choose a Topic and Create a Poem - You will be writing your own poem incorporating the three common figurative language types you have been focusing on.  You may choose the type of poem you would like to write.  You must include at least one simile, one  metaphor, and one example of personification in your poem.  Get creative and be sure to write about a topic you enjoy!  If you need a refresher on types of poetry go to Different Types of Poems for Kids - Mrs. Mitchell's Virtual School to assist you.  


    Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.  

    Reflect back on your learning experience in this seminar. In your reflection, describe how being more aware of figurative language in your daily life may affect how you listen to or read texts.


    Extra Prompts to Ponder

    • How do you think figurative language has impacted the songs, poems, and other texts you have read and listened to during this seminar?

    • Knowing that figurative language is so evident in many songs, poems, and texts, will this help you to better formulate better writing pieces of your own?