## Description

- Overview:
- Students review the properties of addition and write an example for each. Then they apply the properties to simplify numerical expressions.Key ConceptsThe properties of addition:Commutative property of addition: Changing the order of addends does not change the sum. For any numbers a and b, a + b = b + a.Associative property of addition: Changing the grouping of addends does not change the sum. For any numbers a, b, and c, (a + b) + c = a + (b + c).Additive identity property of 0: The sum of 0 and any number is that number. For any number a, a + 0 = 0 + a = a.Existence of additive inverses: The sum of any number and its additive inverse (opposite) is 0. For any number a, a + (−a) = (−a) + a = 0.These properties allow us to manipulate expressions to make them easier to work with. For example, the associative property of addition tells us that we can regroup the expression (311+49)+59 as 311+(49 +59), making it much easier to simplify.Students must be careful to apply the commutative and associative properties only to addition expressions. For example, we cannot switch the −7 and 8 in the expression −7 − 8 to get 8 − (−7). However, if we rewrite −7 − 8 as the addition expression −7 + (−8), we can swap the addends to get −8 + (−7).Goals and Learning ObjectivesUnderstand the properties of addition.Apply the properties of addition to simplify numerical expressions.

- Subject:
- Numbers and Operations
- Level:
- Middle School
- Grades:
- Grade 7
- Material Type:
- Lesson Plan
- Provider:
- Pearson
- Date Added:
- 09/21/2015

- License:
- Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
- Language:
- English
- Media Format:
- Text/HTML

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