Melissa Pilakowski
Reading Informational Text, Reading Literature
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
High School
  • NE ELA
  • Satire
  • ne-ela
  • satire
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike

    Education Standards

    Introduction to Satire

    Introduction to Satire


    This introduction to satire includes an EdPuzzle that introduces the definition of satire, examples, explanations of four satirical techniques (incongruity, hyperbole, reversal, and parody), and practice questions. A second activity asks students to locate an example of satire online, analyze the satirical techniques used, and explain the criticism or comment expressed in the example.


    This lesson is all about satire. 

    Never heard of it? Don't worry, you've probably seen plenty of it! 

    Here are the objectives you'll be able to demonstrate by the end of our learning:

    • Locate an example of satire, such as political cartoon, satirical article, or parody
    • Explain the underlying critical comment or message of the satire
    • Identify at least one of the four techniques of satire being used (hyperbole/exaggeration, absurdity/incongruity, reversal, parody)

    Don't worry if you're not sure what some of these terms mean. You'll be an expert soon. Let's start!

      Find Satire in the World

      To create a slidedeck for students to add their findings and analysis, make a copy of this slidedeck and share it with your students:


      • You may want to make a copy of a slide for each student ahead of time. This can save confusion when there are several students on the slidedeck at once.
      • Other alternatives to a slidedeck could be using a Google Doc or a Padlet. The advantage of a Padlet or Google Slidedeck is that students are able to see each other's work and naturally have a built-in audience.
      • If students are still struggling with satire or satirical techniques, you might allow them to work in pairs.
      • I use this as a formative assessment. This activity will give you a pulse of which students grasp satirical concepts and which ones need more help. I would not issue any grades other than completion grades for this activity. 

      Now that you have a background on satire, it's time to find and analyze an example of satire NOT in the slides.


      1. Find an example of satire. It could be a clip on YouTube, an article from a satirical website, or a political cartoon.

      2. Link the URL of an example of satire or a screenshot/image of the example on your slide.

      3. Write an analysis of the following:

        • What is the underlying message of the creator? What are they really saying about the topic?

        • Explain at least one satirical technique the creator is using. (hyperbole, absurdity, reversal, parody)


      There are three examples for you, so you'll be able to see exactly what you need to do.

      Review Your Classmates' Examples

      Other wrap-up options:

      • Choose 3-4 examples to discuss as a whole group
      • Ask small groups to choose their top 2 slides and explain their reasoning.

      Read through the examples from other classmates. Leave comments on at least 2 examples. 

      Possible comment ideas:

      • Do you see another strategy (hyperbole, incongruity, reversal, parody) being used that wasn't mentioned? 
      • Do you notice something else the original author/artist is trying to say? 
      • Is there an insightful explanation that impresses you? Compliment your classmate on that.