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Abnormal Language
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Introduction to the linguistic study of language pathology, concentrating on experimental approaches and theoretical explanations. Discussion of Specific Language Impairment, autism, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, normal aging, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, hemispherectomy and aphasia. Focuses on the comparison of linguistic abilities among these syndromes, while drawing clear comparisons with first and second language acquisition. Topics include the lexicon, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Relates the lost linguistic abilities in these syndromes to properties of the brain.

Subject:
Applied Science
Arts and Humanities
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Linguistics
Physical Science
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Hirsch, Christopher
Wexler, Ken
Date Added:
09/01/2004
Advanced Natural Language Processing
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This course is a graduate introduction to natural language processing - the study of human language from a computational perspective. It covers syntactic, semantic and discourse processing models, emphasizing machine learning or corpus-based methods and algorithms. It also covers applications of these methods and models in syntactic parsing, information extraction, statistical machine translation, dialogue systems, and summarization. The subject qualifies as an Artificial Intelligence and Applications concentration subject.

Subject:
Applied Science
Arts and Humanities
Computer Science
Engineering
Life Science
Linguistics
Physical Science
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Barzilay, Regina
Collins, Michael
Date Added:
09/01/2005
Advanced Syntax
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This course is a continuation of 24.951. This semester the course topics of interest include movement, phrase structure, and the architecture of the grammar.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Anagnostopoulou, Elena
Fox, Daniel
Date Added:
02/01/2007
Complex sentences
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Complex sentences are simple sentences with dependent or subordinate clauses added to them. Paige and Rosie explain how to spot them and use them in this video.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
David Rheinstrom
Date Added:
07/29/2021
Compound-complex sentences
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Compound-complex sentences are compound sentences with dependent or subordinate clauses added to them. Paige and Rosie explain how to spot and use them.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
David Rheinstrom
Date Added:
07/29/2021
ConLangs: How to Construct a Language
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This course explores languages that have been deliberately constructed, including Esperanto, Klingon, and Tolkien's Elvish. Students construct their own languages while considering the basic linguistic characteristics of various languages of the world. Through regular assignments, students describe the phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and writing system of their constructed language. The final assignment is a grammatical description of the new language.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Richards, Norvin
Date Added:
09/01/2018
Dependent and independent clauses
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An independent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb and requires no extra information to understand. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as "while," "that," or "unless," give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
David Rheinstrom
Date Added:
07/29/2021
Does It Work? Test and Test Again
Read the Fine Print
Educational Use
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Testing is critical to any design, whether the creation of new software or a bridge across a wide river. Despite risking the quality of the design, the testing stage is often hurried in order to get products to market. In this lesson, students focus on the testing phase of the software/systems design process. They start by exploring existing examples of program testing using the CodingBat website, which contains a series of problems and challenges that students solve using the Java programming language. Working in teams, students practice writing test cases for other groups' code, and then write test cases for a program before writing the program itself.

Subject:
Applied Science
Computing and Information
Education
Engineering
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Brian Sandall
Janet Yowell
Ryan Stejskal
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Education 151: Language and Literacy (English)
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CC BY-SA
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This course is designed to help students understand the aspects of linguistic principles and processes that underlie oral and written language proficiency, and how this knowledge is relevant K-12 instruction. Emphasis is on a thorough, research-based understanding of phonology, morphology, orthography, semantics, syntax, and pragmatics. Students learn ways to use this information to support literacy and oral language development for elementary and secondary school students. Issues of linguistic diversity and second language learning are addressed.

Subject:
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Author:
Penelope Collins
Date Added:
01/14/2019
Elementary New Testament Greek
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This open-access textbook helps students learn to read New Testament Greek at the elementary level. It includes clear, concise explanations of grammar and syntax, helpful examples, and essential vocabulary, with no assumption of previous language study, and it does not require accents for most forms. At the end of each of its twenty chapters, students will find short Greek-language episodes from the life of a fictional early Christian family of Jewish ancestry, short readings from the Greek New Testament and Septuagint, and review/homework exercises that can help reinforce new concepts and vocabulary. This book can help students prepare to read Nijay Gupta and Jonah Sandford’s Intermediate Greek Reader: Galatians and Related Texts, also available as an open-access textbook.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Seattle Pacific University
Author:
Owen Ewald
Date Added:
11/08/2022
Exclamations
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An exclamation is a sentence that expresses great emotion! David and Paige covered declarative, interrogative, and imperative sentences; now they tackle a fourth type of sentence that ends in an exclamation mark. Find out more!

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
David Rheinstrom
Date Added:
07/29/2021
From Psychology to Logic: Learning Computer Programming in the Kitchen
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This lesson focuses on the biggest problem faced by any young programmer - i.e. the LOGIC BUILDING required while solving a particular problem. With programming, the solution to a particular problem lies in the head, but one is unable to convert it into a computer program. This is because the thought processes of a human are much faster than the sense of observation. If this thought process could be slowed down, logic to solve a programming problem could be found very easily. This lesson focuses on converting this psychological thought process in a step-by -step logic fashion that a computer program can understand. This lesson is recorded in a kitchen where the basic programming concepts are taught by giving examples from the process of making a mango milk shake. This lesson teaches the 4 following techniques: 1) Swapping two variables by swapping a glass of milk with a glass of crushed ice; 2) Finding max from an array by finding the biggest mango; 3) Sorting an array by arranging the jars; and 4) Understanding the concept of a function, parameters and return type by comparing it with the blender/juicer. The lesson targets those students who know the syntax of programming in any language (C or GWBASIC preferred), but are unable to build the logic for a program. It can be taught in a class of 45 to 50 minutes.

This lesson is also available in Mandarin Chinese.

Subject:
Applied Science
Engineering
Psychology
Social Science
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT Blossoms
Author:
Tanzeela Ali
Date Added:
02/13/2015
German Frame-semantic Online Lexicon (G-FOL)
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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The German Frame-semantic Online Lexicon (G-FOL) is a prototype of a new kind of pedagogical dictionary. The goal is to help students learn how words are used in modern-day German. This online resource is different from traditional dictionaries and textbooks because it is based on the German FrameNet at the University of Texas at Austin, a digital archive of how German words are used in real life contexts. As such, students can easily access up-to-date information about the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic contexts in which a German word appears. In addition, each lexical entry provides information about a word’s register, frequency, and related meanings. Thanks to G-FOL’s web-based architecture, the lexicon easily links to other pedagogical resources in digital format and can be updated with new words or new usages of existing words.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
University of Texas at Austin
Provider Set:
COERLL
Author:
Hans Boas
Date Added:
01/17/2017
Grammar Guide
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CC BY
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Grammar guide for English 101. This course builds critical reading and expository writing skills through the analysis and evaluation of college-level texts and the composition of well-organized, full-length essays containing properly documented evidence.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
English Language Arts
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Adam Kaiserman
Date Added:
08/06/2020
Guide to Grammar Oregon State University
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CC BY
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In the Oregon State Guide to Grammar, our professors define grammar terms, explain grammatical conventions, identify parts of speech and constructions, and help students toward a better awareness of their own linguistic intuition. The video series is designed to be a free, online, creative commons (CC BY) resource for high school and college English teachers and students, offering them tools to engage meaningfully with challenging grammatical issues. To see the videos, please click on the "View Resource" above.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Oregon State University
Author:
Oregon State School of Writing Literature and Film
Date Added:
08/06/2021
Introduction to Linguistics
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This class provides some answers to basic questions about the nature of human language. Throughout the course, we examine a number of ways in which human language is a complex but law-governed mental system. Much of the class is devoted to studying some core aspects of this system in detail; we also spend individual classes discussing a number of other issues, including how language is acquired, how languages change over time, language endangerment, and others.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Richards, Norvin
Date Added:
02/01/2022
Introduction to Linguistics
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This course studies what is language and what does knowledge of a language consist of. It asks how do children learn languages and is language unique to humans; why are there many languages; how do languages change; is any language or dialect superior to another; and how are speech and writing related. Context for these and similar questions is provided by basic examination of internal organization of sentences, words, and sound systems. No prior training in linguistics is assumed.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Pesetsky, David
Date Added:
09/01/2012
Introduction to Syntax
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This course is concerned with the concepts and principles which have been of central significance in the recent development of syntactic theory, with special focus on the "Government and Binding" (GB) / "Principles and Parameters" (P&P) / "Minimalist Program" (MP) approach.
It is the first of a series of two courses (24.951 is taught during the Fall and 24.952 is taught in the Spring). This course deals mostly with phrase structure, argument structure and its syntactic expression, including "A-movement". Though other issues (e.g. wh-movement, antecedent-contained deletion, extraposition) may be mentioned during the semester, the course will not systematically investigate these topics in class until 24.952.
The goal of the course is to understand why certain problems have been treated in certain ways. Thus, on many occasions a variety of approaches will be discussed, and the (recent) historical development of these approaches are emphasized.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Linguistics
Social Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
DeGraff, Michel
Landau, Idan
Date Added:
09/01/2003