WY.SCI.HS.PS2.1
# Wyoming Science Content and Performance Standards

Grades 9-12
Learning Domain: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton's second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

WY.SCI.HS.PS2.2
# Wyoming Science Content and Performance Standards

Grades 9-12
Learning Domain: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

WY.SCI.HS.PS2.3
# Wyoming Science Content and Performance Standards

Grades 9-12
Learning Domain: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.

WY.SCI.HS.PS2.4
# Wyoming Science Content and Performance Standards

Grades 9-12
Learning Domain: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Use mathematical representations to predict the gravitational and/or electrostatic forces between objects using Newton's Law of Gravitation and/or Coulomb's Law, respectively.

WY.SCI.HS.PS2.5
# Wyoming Science Content and Performance Standards

Grades 9-12
Learning Domain: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.

Science Domain: Physical Sciences

Topic: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data could include tables or graphs of position or velocity as a function of time for objects subject to a net unbalanced force, such as a falling object, an object rolling down a ramp, or a moving object being pulled by a constant force.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to one-dimensional motion and to macroscopic objects moving at non-relativistic speeds.]

Science Domain: Physical Sciences

Topic: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the quantitative conservation of momentum in interactions and the qualitative meaning of this principle.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to systems of two macroscopic bodies moving in one dimension.]

Science Domain: Physical Sciences

Topic: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of evaluation and refinement could include determining the success of the device at protecting an object from damage and modifying the design to improve it. Examples of a device could include a football helmet or a parachute.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to qualitative evaluations and/or algebraic manipulations.]

Science Domain: Physical Sciences

Topic: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on both quantitative and conceptual descriptions of gravitational and electric fields.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to systems with two objects.]

Science Domain: Physical Sciences

Topic: Forces and Interactions

Standard: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to designing and conducting investigations with provided materials and tools.]