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The Galapagos Islands
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The Galapagos Islands are famed for their unique animal species found nowhere else on Earth. What intrigues you the most about this archipelago?

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Assessment
Author:
Oksana Bohdanova
Date Added:
08/29/2022
The Genocide Scrapbook Project
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This Lesson Plan was created by Joanna Pruitt as part of the 2020 ESU-NDE Remote Learning Plan Project. This original lesson is for classroom use; however, there is a virtual option as well. Educators worked with coaches to create Remote Learning Plans as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The attached Lesson Plan is designed for Grades 9-12 English Language Arts students; however, this could also be used as a Social Studies project as well. Students will evaluate credible sources through research on genocides post World War II after completing a novel unit covering the Holocaust. Students will also create scrapbooks using summarizing, citation, informative writing, textual evidence, caption writing, and persuasive writing. Students will also be expected to demonstrate oral communication skills as they have to present their projects to the class. Students will use background knowledge to clarify text and also gain a deeper understanding by using relevant evidence from a variety of sources to assist in analysis and reflection of informative text. 

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Cultural Geography
English Language Arts
Ethnic Studies
Journalism
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Literature
Reading Informational Text
Reading Literature
Speaking and Listening
World Cultures
World History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Reading
Student Guide
Author:
Joanna Pruitt
Date Added:
07/24/2020
Grammar Essentials
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CC BY
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This is a great question you might be asking yourself, and if you’re not asking it, you probably should be. If you are a native speaker of English, you don’t even have to think about it to use grammar correctly, at least for the most part. If you have ever watched a child develop language, you know that, at a very young age, children know what is necessary for language to make sense.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
Excelsior University
Provider Set:
Excelsior University Online Writing Lab
Date Added:
11/06/2018
Grammar Lessons and Assignments - ESL Level 1
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CC BY
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This file contains grammar lessons and assignments for a Level 1 academic ESL class with an emphasis on applying grammar lessons in writing. It can be combined with the other files in this folder to create an entire OER based class.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Language Education (ESL)
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Homework/Assignment
Author:
Janet Rosenthal
Linda Patterson
Rachel Mixson
Margie Dernaika
Chris Hastings
Jessica Miller
Date Added:
12/15/2021
Grammar Slides for English Learners
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Presentation slides intended for use in an intermediate academic English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom. Each set of slides includes the following:
1. An introduction to the grammar point using inductive reasoning, intended for use in the classroom to complement instructor presentation. Explanations of meaning and form for each grammar point.
2. Example sentences based around a theme. The themes are listed in the title of each slide set.
3. Reference charts and lists for the grammar point.
4. Links to websites and related videos. These websites and videos have been curated for accuracy and are comprehensive.
5. Meaningful practice activities that integrate the grammar instruction with other language skills.
6. Lesson plans for a project based on the grammar presentation slides, suitable for Project Based Learning approach.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lecture
Author:
Sara Ferguson
Date Added:
11/21/2019
Grammar and Sentence Construction Handbook
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CC BY-NC
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This textbook covers grammar and style conventions for students who will write academic papers at the college level. It is a synthesis of multiple textbooks and it contains videos and short quizzes on the content. This textbook is used in English Composition courses at Central New Mexico Community College.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Tammy Wolf
Jennifer Schaller
Date Added:
06/03/2022
Greek and Roman Root Vocabulary
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CC BY-NC-SA
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We all know how important a strong vocabulary is, and let's face it, if a student wasn't an avid reader as they grew up, they probably don't have a varied vocabulary. Plus, memorizing one word at a time on a weekly list that seems to go on forever and ever can be discouraging for students who have little skill in decoding or comprehending. Studying and becoming familar with Greek and Roman roots can help students identify parts they might know in unfamilar words, and this may lead to building stronger access to higher level words more quickly.This module is designed to help the students focus on two to three roots per week through ten to fifteen words. Through the week, they are given tasks to work with the roots and develop a relationship to them so they can access them more readily when reading higher level texts. By working with antonyms, synonyms, and building sentences, students develop the ability to decode faster and comprehend more. Hopefully, this leads to stronger success in, not only the academic world, but the workplace and home life as well.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Languages
Reading Foundation Skills
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Deborah Maroulis
Date Added:
08/05/2018
How to Avoid All Possible Types of Plagiarism in Writing
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CC BY-SA
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Plagiarism definitions are many:When it comes to spoken words, plagiarism means stealing ideas and thoughts of other people to claim them as one's own. Speaking of written words, plagiarism is defined as a lack of original content in a writing piece.Dictionaries call plagiarism "stealing and passing off ideas or words of another as one's own," and "presenting as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source." (Merriam-Webster)Plagiarism is a persistent problem. People do it unknowingly or willingly, and a large percentage of accusations corresponds to the academic world: students plagiarize writings for many reasons, use all possible types of this offensive act, and don't realize all the consequences. What they should try to do is be aware of plagiarism and avoid it in academic writings, citing and referencing their works accordingly.What are plagiarism types?The digital era calls the shots, so today we have many new forms of plagiarism, both intentional and unintentional ones. Academic and journalistic are the general names for plagiarism types, but both involve several variations. They are as follows:Full plagiarismAlso known as "direct" or "complete" plagiarism, this form appears when you copy the content from a source as it is, word for word.Characteristics: no original research, no changes in lexical items or punctuation, no differences (even the tiniest ones) between two content pieces.Full plagiarism is the sin of incompetent authors or those who are mere lazy to give it their best shot and create something original. Speaking of the academic world, full plagiarism leads to a student's expulsion.ParaphrasingSome call it "partial" plagiarism because it happens when a writer takes data from several different sources, combines them with minor changes in language, and represent as original ideas. Paraphrasing itself is not plagiarism, and it's okay to use it if citing and referencing all sources. But it becomes so when represented as a rewrite of the original with no attributions.Characteristics: presenting the ideas from original sources in different forms, changes of sentence structure, active to passive voice manipulations, no cites or references.In the case of paraphrasing, an author takes pains to sound original and yet doesn't provide any first-hand research in his writing. In academia, this form of plagiarism signals about a lack of knowledge on the topic or not enough writing skills to expand ideas.Minimalistic plagiarismIt's a kind of paraphrase too, but a more professional one: a writer copies ideas but changes the flow and order in which they are presented in the source. This form of plagiarism is difficult to detect because it does seem original, especially if checked with plagiarism detection software.Characteristics: changes in sentence structure, statements order, and writing style of the source; paraphrasing several sources in one text with no attributions; active use of synonyms.Minimalistic plagiarism happens when a student lacks time or patience to create original work but is ambitious of recognition and high grades.Mosaic plagiarismAlso known as a poor rewrite, synonymization, or patch writing, mosaic plagiarism happens when an author takes phrases from the original, rearranges them in order, and represent in own work without citing. Or, when he keeps the same sentence structure and meaning but replace every word with synonyms so his work would look like a newly written one.Characteristics: rearrangements in word and phrase order, excessive synonymization, a flow changes, no attribution to sources.Students do love this type of plagiarism, and it's most common in their academic works. Mosaic plagiarism signals about procrastination, lack of knowledge, and ignorance of plagiarism consequences.Accidental plagiarismIn plain English, it's unintentional copying of others' ideas and words. Speaking of students, they might fall into a trap of accidental plagiarism when don't know they borrow concepts from others and, therefore, neglect to reference sources because they do consider their writings original.Despite its accidental nature, this form of plagiarism is considered as copyright infringement and scholar ethics violation. So, the consequences are going to be as ominous as in the case of other plagiarism types.Self-plagiarismThe trickiest one, self-plagiarism occurs when a student decides to submit his previous work to another class. Or, when he takes ideas, concepts, and passages from his other essays and use them for new assignments with no permission from both professors.This form is the most controversial one, and many still argue if they should consider it plagiarism at all. On the one hand, your work is your intellectual property, and so you can use it wherever you want. On the other, this work is no longer original after you've submitted it. It's a kind of bluff: the audience waits for new information from an author, but he misleads them and gives something they've heard already.In the world of academia, it would be wise for students to consult professors on the institution's policies to make sure it's okay to cite papers, previously submitted to other classes.Source plagiarism, or wrong referencingAuthors refer to each other in their works. And when a student refers to a cited source rather than a primary one, it's called source plagiarism.Source formatting matters, either. Improperly cited sources, false referencing, or no references at all are the cases of plagiarism. Reasons for why a student avoids references in a paper vary:He asked a ghostwriter to create an essay, so he just can't refer to it.He used a source to steal arguments and just copied them with no changes.He used the essence of a source and just changed several keywords.He combined several sources in a paper for it to look original.It often happens that a student doesn't know how to use citations and references in his copy. It's not the case of plagiarism, but a professor may consider it so when detecting some misinformation in a list of references. This includes:Using wrong sources (see the above source plagiarism).Neglecting footnotes: a student cites an author but doesn't provide a location of the source.Using fake sources: a student plagiarizes the entire text of his essay and yet provides a long list of references to "prove" its original nature.Proper citation is a must in the academic world, so writers need to know how to use and structure references to avoid accusations of plagiarism. How to avoid plagiarism issues in writings?Plagiarism consequences are many, and most are not as evident as students might think. Copyright infringement and intellectual property theft are legal issues, and they might lead to far stronger effects than poor grades or reputation loss. To avoid them, stop believing all myths about plagiarism in academia and start doing in-depth research on assigned topics. It will allow understanding key concepts and structure a future essay right.Other tips on avoiding plagiarism in writing:Document every source you use. Make sure to format it right: don't forget about quotation marks when citing someone's words.Spare no time on research.When in doubts, ask peers to check your list of references and say if you format it right. The same goes for research: friends might help to find proper sources or recommend some.Never ask anyone to write essays for you: any ghostwriters, any custom services, any downloads from the web.PRO tip: after you completed writing a paper, run it through a pro commercial software that will find unintentional plagiarism in your text.Plagiarism is about ethics and principles. It's not enough to know the definition and consequences of the issue to avoid it. What matters is your determination: stay honest, do research, create original works for more people to learn new ideas, refer to other authors, and remember to mention their names when citing.

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Nancy Christinovich
Date Added:
03/26/2018
How to Format a Paper in APA 7th
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In scholarly writing, it is important to structure a paper in a manner that is concise and follows the general format set by writing professionals. The American Phycological Association (APA) format of writing is widely accepted and a good rule of thumb to follow when writing formal papers. This resource was constructed to give the basics of the newest APA 7th edition. Additional research will be needed for more specific situations and citations

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
Daniel Childers
Date Added:
07/10/2021
How to Write an Argumentative Essay
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CC BY-NC
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This module will teach you how to write an argumentative essay. An essay is typicall 5 -paragrpahs, but it can be mode depending on the topic. First, you want to decide on your topic. Choose one topic from these 200 Argumentative Topics to write your essay.  

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Jose Macia
Date Added:
01/28/2018
How to Write an Ode
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CC BY-NC-SA
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In this lesson, students will learn the defining characteristics of an ode. They will examine model texts from published authors and identify poetic devices at work in an ode. Ultimately, students are invited to compose an ode of their own.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
Joe Brekke
Date Added:
12/06/2020
IELTS – Introduction to Speaking - Off2Class Lesson Plan
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CC BY
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How to teach IELTS: SpeakingThis lesson plan introduces the speaking test and its format. It covers the following exam criteria: pronunciation, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, fluency, and coherence. During this lesson, you will also have the chance to practice speaking exercises with your students. Like the listening test, the speaking test is the same for both academic and general tests.If you want additional lesson plans and support, including teachers’ notes, be sure to register for a free Off2Class account.

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Speaking and Listening
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Author:
Regan McNeill
Date Added:
02/18/2022
IELTS – Introduction to Writing - Off2Class Lesson Plan
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CC BY
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How to teach IELTS: WritingThis lesson covers elements of the writing test, which is different for academic and general test writers. This lesson focuses on both, so be sure to target the activities that suit your students’ needs. It discusses the following criteria: task achievement, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, and coherence and cohesion.If you want additional lesson plans and support, including teachers’ notes, be sure to register for a free Off2Class account.

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Student Guide
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Author:
Regan McNeill
Date Added:
02/18/2022
I'm All Ears
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CC BY-NC-ND
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Spanish Pronunciation Course for Speakers of American English

Word Count: 14747

(Note: This resource's metadata has been created automatically by reformatting and/or combining the information that the author initially provided as part of a bulk import process.)

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Languages
Material Type:
Textbook
Date Added:
01/26/2024
Improving Academic Writing Skills for ESL Students
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CC BY-NC-ND
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In this guide, you will find information about the most important tips that both students and instructors can use to improve writing skills in English for ESL students.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Languages
Material Type:
Student Guide
Date Added:
08/06/2018
Integrated Skills: Academic Writing with Sources
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CC BY-NC-SA
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The focus of the text is on interacting in various ways with academic sources and popular articles, including paraphrasing, summarizing, responding to arguments, and using sources to support and develop your own ideas. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of writing you will be doing in the course and provides scaffolded practice to help you build the skills necessary to successfully complete that type of writing.

The major writing assignments that make up this course were specifically chosen in order to target writing skills that can be applied to various writing contexts. The writing skills you practice in this course can also be applied to other courses in which writing is assigned, such as summarizing a textbook chapter, responding to written opinions, locating and evaluating academic sources, and composing an argumentative research paper.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Education
English Language Arts
Higher Education
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University of Illinois
Author:
Becky Bonarek
Steph Mielcarek
Trischa Duke
Date Added:
02/03/2022
Intermediate Spanish for Healthcare
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CC BY-NC
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Short Description:
This textbook is currently under review, some errors might still be present. The final version of this textbook will be released by Fall 2022.

Word Count: 28603

(Note: This resource's metadata has been created automatically by reformatting and/or combining the information that the author initially provided as part of a bulk import process.)

Subject:
English Language Arts
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Textbook
Date Added:
01/26/2024