Summary: Cavitation is the transition of a fluid into vapour due to local reduction of pressure which is generated by high local flow velocities. The transition of a fluid into vapour also occurs during cooking of water by an increase of the local temperature. The term cavitation is generally reserved for conditions in which the temperature of the bulk fluid is not changed. Although cavitation can occur in many situations this course focuses on ship hydrodynamics and ship propellers. The course is divided into five main groups: physics, types and effects of cavitation as well as calculations and test facilities and techniques. Some of these topics are illustrated with the use of videos. (Study goals:) 1. Reproduce the main lines in a selection of the latest developments in the field of propulsion and resistance hydrodynamics, where the current selection of propulsion and resistance topics includes unsteady hydrodynamics of the flow over a foil, cavitation forms, problems and tools for analysis and design, propulsion systems in a service environment and ship drag reduction by air lubrication. 2. Analyse a hydrodynamic problem in the propulsion and resistance area, into well defined sub problems that can be analysed with state of the art knowledge and tools 3. Select the appropriate theory or tool (either numerical or experimental) for an analysis of the identified problem. 4. Reproduce and present to an audience, the main lines in a contemporary publication from the field of Propulsion and Resistance hydrodynamics. 5. Understand, interpret and react to questions from the audience and the lecturer and in doing so, stimulate the scientific debate.
In dredging, trenching, (deep sea) mining, drilling, tunnel boring and many other applications, sand, clay or rock has to be excavated. This book gives an overview of cutting theories. It starts with a generic model, which is valid for all types of soil (sand, clay and rock) after which the specifics of dry sand, water saturated sand, clay, atmospheric rock and hyperbaric rock are covered. For each soil type small blade angles and large blade angles, resulting in a wedge in front of the blade, are discussed. For each case considered, the equations/model for the cutting forces, power and specific energy are given. The models are verified with laboratory research, mainly at the Delft University of Technology, but also with data from literature.
Dredging equipment, mechanical dredgers, hydraulic dredgers, boundary conditions, design criteria, instrumentation and automation.
This resource provides is a multimeter tutorial as well as an assignment for students to create a video showing that they understand how to use a multimeter. Its purpose is to get beginning engineering students, with varying levels of experience with a multimeter, to learn and master a multimeter's features and functions.
In dredging, production estimating is carried out mainly with analytical physical models of the different dredging processes.
Slurry transport of settling slurries and cutting processes in sand, clay and rock are already covered in two other books by the author.
Other processes like hopper sedimentation and erosion, water jet fluidization, cutter head spillage, pump/pipeline dynamics and clamshell dredging are covered in this Special Topics Edition.
New topics may be added in the near future.
The course focuses on three main dredging processes: the cutting of sand, clay and rock, the sedimentation process in hopper dredges and the breaching process
In this unit, students will solve a mystery about changes in oyster larvae in the Salish Sea, causing oyster farmers to send their larvae to Hawaii until they grow stronger. They will look for clues in:
• activities and games, articles, and films that introduce the concepts of habitat and ecosystem
• structures and behaviors for survival in intertidal zone habitats
• the Earth-moon-sun interactions that drive the tides
• the importance of First Foods of the intertidal to first nations communities;
• how intertidal organisms interact across the Salish Sea food web
Afterward, they will arrive at the importance of a balanced carbon cycle in the health of the ocean and use a full scientific investigation to test if their local waters have a healthy pH for oyster larvae and other shelled creatures. Clear pathways of hope are woven into this complex issue, so students know that scientists and leaders are working to solve this problem - and kids can help!
This is a broad variety of environmental lessons including erosion, erosion boxes, parts of a tree, and the importance of a riparian buffer.
- Applied Science
- Career and Technical Education
- Environmental Science
- Environmental Studies
- Maritime Science
- Physical Science
- Material Type:
- Carleigh Starkston
- JoEllen Santulli
- Katie Pomeroy
- King George 4-H
- Lindsay Anderson
- October Greenfield
- Richard Moncure
- Nancy Stalik
- Date Added:
This is a travel itinerary featuring 13 historic shipwrecks in waters near Florida, a convergence point for maritime trade routes. Learn about the historical significance of these 13 shipwrecks. See photos and an essay on Florida maritime history.
Introduction to Non-Government Organizations ( NGOs)
This document is an overview of the operation, maintenance, and repair of a marine jet drive. A brief history of the origin of the jet boat is provided. The characteristics of operating a craft with a jet drive are discussed, along with the advantages and disadvantages of using this type of design. The principles of the pump’s operation are explained as well as considerations for improving its performance. The document concludes with a review of common maintenance and repair procedures.
This open educational resource is designed for use by undergraduate and graduate ocean science, natural resource, fisheries and wildlife, and environmental policy students enrolled in a ten-week academic quarter. The purpose of this project is to provide students and non-law professionals with a freely accessible, clearly written guide to support engaging and effective learning. As such, the book serves as a gateway and an invitation to become a well informed, committed and involved ocean citizen as well as to explore the field beyond our course study.
This is is a travel itinerary highlighting 89 historic places that tell the story of Massachusetts' relationship with the sea. Read essays about lighthouses and lifesaving stations, ships and shipbuilding, the U.S. Navy, and maritime commerce.
The course treats the design of offshore mooring systems literally from the ground up: Starting with the anchor and its soils mechanics in the sea bed, via the mechanics of a single mooring line and system of lines. The course concludes by touching on other mooring concepts and the dynamic behavior of the moored object as a non-linear mechanical system.
Students at grade K are asked to write stories about what it is like to visit a beach. Students listen to a picture book, go on a nature walk, and read a booklet to give information for their story. You will also visit a local beach! Includes a reading booklet.
Students are asked to present a speech at the opening of the River and Ocean Film Festival, explaining why marine debris is such a problem for wildlife. Use information from the video, the fact sheet, the infographic, and the data collected on the shoreline to outline a speech. The audience is visitors to the Washington Coast. Includes Teacher directions and scoring notes.
In dredging, trenching, (deep sea) mining, drilling, tunnel boring and many other applications, sand, clay or rock has to be excavated.The book covers horizontal transport of settling slurries (Newtonian slurries). Non-settling (non-Newtonian) slurries are not covered.
This textbook is meant to introduce students who will be working as safety or environmental specialists overseeing the manufacturing, processing, or transportation of chemicals to the science of toxicology in order to make more informed decisions in their day-to-day dealings with potentially toxic substances.